TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Vocabulary: Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division
2. Vocabulary: Plus, Minus, Times, Divide, Equal
3. What is the Sum of the Calculation?
+ How to Add?
• Sentences: Add 加 Jiā
− How to Subtract?
• Sentences: Reduce 减 Jiǎn
× How to Multiply?
• Sentences: Others 乘 Chéng
÷ How to Divide?
• Sentences: Preposition, Remove 除 Chú
4. Vocabulary: Maths and Arithmetic
• Sentences: Maths 数学 Shùxué
• Sentences: Arithmetic 算数 Suànshù
Chinese Arithmetic: Plus, Minus, Times, Divide (Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide)
This article on Chinese Math – Add, Subtract, Multiply and Divide is a more advanced level of using the Chinese Numbers. You will learn some Simple Math calculation in Mandarin for daily use. On top of that, there are a couple of more examples of how you can use the Chinese math terms as an additional syntax to express other things non-related to figures. You can first test your knowledge on the numbers listening test here.
Vocabulary: Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division
Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are nouns and denote the methods of calculation for add, subtract, multiply and divide.
Vocabulary: Add / Plus, Subtract / Minus, Multiply, Divide, Equal
There are two ways to say “equal” in Chinese Math – 等于 Děngyú and 得 Dé.
|Sum, Total number||总数||Zǒngshù|
|Arithmetic: Use of numbers |
in counting and calculation
What is the Sum of the Calculation Below?
How to “Add or Plus” in Chinese?
Listen to the pronunciation of the digit 2. You must be aware that there are two ways to say two in Chinese when the position of 2 shifts its place from tens to hundreds and so on.
1 + 1 = 2
1 加 1 等于 2
1 jiā 1 děng yú 2
2 + 2 = 4
2 加 2 得 4
2 jiā 2 dé 4
20 + 200 = 110
20 加 200 等于 220
20 jiā 200 děng yú 220
Mandarin Sentences: Add 加 Jiā
You can also read more sentences of the Chinese Verb – Add in another separate post. There is one motivating Chinese slang “Add Oil 加油 Jiāyóu” which means “Come on! Try Harder!” that you ought to know. Have a read!
Add another bowl of rice [in addition to the existing food (order)].
Zài jiā yī wǎn fàn.
Recently, I am feeling frustrated at work in addition to some problems at home.
Zuì jìn, wǒ zài gōng zuò shàng hěn fán, jiā shàng jiā lǐ chū le yī diǎn wèn tí.
Be extra careful!
Duō jiā xiǎo xīn!
How to “Subtract or Minus” in Chinese?
40 − 30 = 10
40 减 30 等于 10
40 jiǎn 30 děng yú 10
650 − 100 = 550
650 减 100 等于 550
650 jiǎn 100 děng yú 550
20 − 7 = 13
20 减 7 得 13
20 jiǎn 7 dé 13
Mandarin Sentences: Reduce 减 Jiǎn
减 Jiǎn in combination with another verb, noun or adjective in a sentence means to reduce something, be it a noun or lighten the impact of actions.
I think I am fat. I want to go on a diet. (减肥 literally ‘reduce fat‘)
Wǒ jué dé wǒ hěn féi. Wǒ yào jiǎn féi.
How do I reduce stress?
Wǒ yào rú hé jiǎn yā?
I want to lighten my financial burden.
Wǒ yào jiǎn qīng wǒ de jīng jì fù dān.
You are driving too fast on the highway. Please reduce the speed.
Nǐ zài gāo sù gōng lù shàng xíng shǐ tài kuài le. Qǐng nǐ jiǎn sù.
How to “Times or Multiply” in Chinese?
9 x 9 = 81
9 乘 9 等于 81
9 chéng 9 děng yú 81
200 x 5 = 1000
200 乘 5 等于 1000
200 chéng 5 děng yú 1000
Mandarin Sentences: Others 乘 Chéng
The word 乘 Chéng in Chinese has no other meanings related to mathematical sense unlike 加 Jiā and 减 Jiǎn (add and subtract) which can form sentences correlating to adding or reducing something. Nonetheless, I’ll still show you examples of 乘 Chéng.
Some passengers take a cab without paying and flee.
Yǒu xiē chéng kè dā dé shì bú fù qián jiù pǎo.
Do you take a plane or train to London? (搭乘 refers to the mode of transportation for plane, boat, train, car and bus)
Nǐ dā chéng fēi jī hái shì huǒ chē qù lún dūn ne?
The thief (took advantage of the situation and) escaped while no one was noticing.
Xiǎo tōu chèn méi rén zhù yì shí, chèng jī táo pǎo.
How to “Divide” in Chinese?
It is tricky to use the Chinese word 除 Chú or 除以 Chú yǐ to refer as divide since both can be used. BUT, be careful of how you say it as the calculation method that you mean may not be what the Chinese interpreted.
In a typical scenario below, 21 divides by 7, we use 除以 Chú yǐ to say “divide by”. It is easy for English speakers to resonate with the a) Chinese phrase below because the position of the numbers is the same as the English phrase.
The other alternative to say b) 21 ÷ 7 = 3 where you reverse the number between 21 and 7, you use 除 Chú instead of 除以 Chú yǐ. It is somewhat confusing for many people whether to use 除 or 除以 to express a division in the right way.
I would think that it is easier for English speakers to learn the Chinese Phrase a) because it is more logical and faster for the brain to react when translating from English to Chinese. Anyway, use whichever sentence that is easier for you to remember.
21 ÷ 7 = 3
a) 21 除以 7 等于 3
b) 7 除 21 等于 3
a) 21 chú yǐ 7 děng yú 3
b) 7 chú 21 děng yú 3
10 ÷ 5 = 2
a) 10 除以 5 等于 2
b) 5 除 10 等于 2
a) 10 chú yǐ 5 děngyú 2
b) 5 chú 10 děngyú 2
5 ÷ 10 = 0,5
a) 5 除以 10 等于 0.5
b) 10 除 5 等于 0.5
a) 5 chú yǐ 10 děng yú 0.5
b) 10 chú 5 děng yú 0.5
Mandarin Sentences: Preposition, Remove 除 Chú
The word 除 Chú means to remove or get rid of something. On the other hand, it can be used as a preposition if combined with other Chinese words.
Other than loving you, who can I love?
Chú le ài nǐ, wǒ hái néng ài shéi?
Unless urgent, otherwise I will not do it this way.
Chú fēi jǐn jí, bù rán wǒ bù huì zhè me zuò.
How to get rid/remove eye bags and wrinkles?
Rú hé qù chú yǎn dài hé zhòu wén?
I clean my house every day to remove the dirt.
Wǒ měi tiān dǎ sǎo jiā lǐ, qīng chú wū gòu.
Vocabulary: Mathematics and Arithmetic
Mandarin Sentences: Mathematics 数学 Shùxué
Other than using 数学 Shùxué as a noun for Mathematics, we can use it as an adjective too. We can say that someone (He) has a mathematical mind. 他有一个数学头脑。Tā yǒu yīgè shùxué tóunǎo.
He was my Primary School Maths teacher.
Tā shì wǒ xiǎo xué de shù xué lǎo shī.
My math was not good. I failed my math.
Wǒ de shù xué bù hǎo. Wǒ de shù xué yě bù jí gé.
Mandarin Sentences: Arithmetic 算数 Suànshù
算数 Suànshù does not only mean arithmetic about counting and calculation. When using this word in a Chinese sentence, it can also mean the validity and accountability of the things being said verbally like the second example below.
He was barely 3 years old when he learned arithmetic.
Tā bù dào 3 suì jiù huì suàn shù le.
Do you mean what you say or not? Whatever that was said yesterday are all not counted.
Nǐ shuō huà suàn shǔ bù suàn shù? Zuó tiān shuō de, quán bù suàn shù.
We move on to learn how to say the date starting with Weeks of the Day.