### TABLE OF CONTENTS

#### Chinese Math and Arithmetic

1. Vocabulary: Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division

2. Vocabulary: Plus, Minus, Times, Divide, Equal

3. What is the Sum of the Calculation?

+ How to Add?

• Sentences: Add 加 Jiā

− How to Subtract?

• Sentences: Reduce 减 Jiǎn

× How to Multiply?

• Sentences: Others 乘 Chéng

÷ How to Divide?

• Sentences: Preposition, Remove 除 Chú

4. Vocabulary: Maths and Arithmetic

• Sentences: Maths 数学 Shùxué

• Sentences: Arithmetic 算数 Suànshù

# Chinese Arithmetic: Plus, Minus, Times, Divide (Add, Subtract, Multiply, Divide)

This article on Chinese Math – **Add, Subtract, Multiply and Divide** is a more advanced level of using the Chinese Numbers. You will learn some **Simple Math calculation** in Mandarin for daily use. On top of that, provide a few examples of how you can use the Chinese term as a vocabulary to express other things.

You must have already understood the basic Chinese counting from 1 – 100 or more. I have also prepared 50 audio files to test your knowledge of Chinese Numbers.

## Vocabulary: Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are **nouns** and denote the methods of calculation for add, subtract, multiply and divide.

+ | Addition | 加法 | Jiāfǎ |

− | Subtraction | 减法 | Jiǎnfǎ |

× | Multiplication | 乘法 | Chéngfǎ |

÷ | Division | 除法 | Chúfǎ |

## Vocabulary: Add / Plus, Subtract / Minus, Multiply, Divide, Equal

There are two ways to say “**equal**” in Chinese Math – **等于** **Děngyú** and **得 Dé**.

+ | Add/Plus | 加 | Jiā |

− | Subtract/Minus | 减 | Jiǎn |

× | Multiply/Times | 乘 | Chéng |

÷ | Divide Divide by | 除, 除以 | Chú, Chú yǐ |

= | Equal | 等于 | Děngyú |

= | Get, Obtain | 得 | Dé |

Sum, Total number | 总数 | Zǒngshù | |

Mathematics | 数学 | Shùxué | |

Arithmetic: Use of numbers in counting and calculation | 算数 | Suànshù |

## What is the Sum of the Calculation Below?

## How to “Add or Plus” in Chinese?

Listen to the pronunciation of the digit 2. You must be aware that there are two ways to say * two* in Chinese when the position of

*shifts its place from tens to hundreds and so on.*

**2****1 + 1 = 2**

**1 加 1 等于 2**

**1 jiā 1 děng yú 2**

**2 + 2 = 4**

**2 加 2 得 4**

**2 jiā 2 dé 4**

**20 + 200 = 110**

**20 加 200 等于 220**

**20 jiā 200 děng yú 220**

### Mandarin Sentences: Add 加 Jiā

You can also read more sentences of the Chinese Verb – * Add* in another separate post. There is one motivating Chinese slang “

**Add Oil 加油**

**Jiāyóu**” which means “

*” that you ought to know. Have a read!*

**Come on!****Add another bowl of rice [in addition to the existing food (order)].**

**再加一碗饭。**

**Zài jiā yī wǎn fàn.**

**Recently, I am feeling frustrated at work in addition to some problems at home.**

**最近，我在工作上很烦，加上家里出了一点问题。**

**Zuì jìn, wǒ zài gōng zuò shàng hěn fán, jiā shàng jiā lǐ chū le yī diǎn wèn tí.**

**Be extra careful!**

**多加小心!**

**Duō jiā xiǎo xīn!**

## How to “Subtract or Minus” in Chinese?

**40 − 30 = 10**

**40 减 30 等于 10**

**40 jiǎn 30 děng yú 10**

**650 − 100 = 550**

**650 减 100 等于 550**

650 jiǎn 100 děng yú 550

**20 − 7 = 13**

**20 减 7 得 13**

**20 jiǎn 7 dé 13**

### Mandarin Sentences: Reduce 减 **Jiǎn**

**减** **Jiǎn** in combination with another verb, noun or adjective in a sentence means to **reduce** something, be it a noun or **lighten** the impact of actions.

**I think I am fat. I want to go on a diet. ( 减肥 literally ‘reduce fat‘)**

**我觉得我很肥。我要减肥。**

**Wǒ jué dé wǒ hěn féi. Wǒ yào jiǎn féi.**

**How do I reduce stress?**

**我要如何减压？**

**Wǒ yào rú hé jiǎn yā?**

**I want to lighten my financial burden.**

**我要减轻我的经济负担。**

**Wǒ yào jiǎn qīng wǒ de jīng jì fù dān.**

**You are driving too fast on the highway. Please reduce the speed.**

**你在高速公路上行驶太快了。请你减速。**

**Nǐ zài gāo sù gōng lù shàng xíng shǐ tài kuài le. Qǐng nǐ jiǎn sù.**

## How to “Times or Multiply” in Chinese?

**9 x 9 = 81 **

**9 乘 9 等于 81**

**9 chéng 9 děng yú 81**

**200 x 5 = 1000**

**200 乘 5 等于 1000**

**200 chéng 5 děng yú 1000**

### Mandarin Sentences: Others 乘 Chéng

The word **乘** **Chéng** in Chinese has no other meanings related to mathematical sense unlike **加** **Jiā** and **减 Jiǎn** (**add** and **subtract**) which can form sentences correlating to adding or reducing something. Nonetheless, I’ll still show you examples of **乘** **Chéng**.

**Some passengers take a cab without paying and flee.**

**有些乘客搭德士不付钱就跑。**

**Yǒu xiē chéng kè dā dé shì bú fù qián jiù pǎo.**

**Do you take a plane or train to London? (搭乘 refers to the mode of transportation for plane, boat, train, car and bus)**

**你搭乘飞机还是火车去伦敦呢？**

**Nǐ dā chéng fēi jī hái shì huǒ chē qù lún dūn ne?**

**The thief (took advantage of the situation and) escaped while no one was noticing.**

**小偷趁没人注意时，乘机逃跑。**

**Xiǎo tōu chèn méi rén zhù yì shí, chèng jī táo pǎo.**

**The pronunciation of “乘机” should be read as “ chèng jī” instead of the default sound “乘 chéng”. This term is one exception of tone change compared to the rest of the sentences above with 乘 chéng.*

## How to “Divide” in Chinese?

It is tricky to use the Chinese word **除** **Chú** or **除以 Chú yǐ** to refer as divide since both can be used. BUT, be careful of how you say it as the calculation method that you mean may not be what the Chinese interpreted.

In a typical scenario below, 21 divides by 7, we use **除以** **Chú yǐ **to say “**divide by**”. It is easy for English speakers to resonate with the **a)** Chinese phrase below because the position of the numbers is the same as the English phrase.

The other alternative to say **b)** 21 ÷ 7 = 3 where you reverse the number between 21 and 7, you use **除 Chú** instead of **除以** **Chú yǐ**. It is somewhat confusing for many people whether to use **除** or **除以** to express a division in the right way.

I would think that it is easier for English speakers to learn the Chinese Phrase **a)** because it is more logical and faster for the brain to react when translating from English to Chinese. Anyway, use whichever sentence that is easier for you to remember.

**21 ÷ 7 = 3 **

**a) 21 除以 7 等于 3**

**b) 7 除 21 等于 3**

**a) 21 chú yǐ 7 děng yú 3**

**b) 7 chú 21 děng yú 3**

**10 ÷ 5 = 2 **

**a) 10 除以 5 等于 2**

**b) 5 除 10 等于 2**

**a) 10 chú yǐ 5 děngyú 2**

**b) 5 chú 10 děngyú 2**

**5 ÷ 10 = 0,5**

**a) 5 除以 10 等于 0.5**

**b) 10 除 5 等于 0.5**

**a) 5 chú yǐ 10 děng yú 0.5**

**b) 10 chú 5 děng yú 0.5**

### Mandarin Sentences: Preposition, Remove **除** **Chú**

The word **除** **Chú** means to **remove or get rid of something**. On the other hand, it can be used as a **preposition** if combined with other Chinese words.

**Other than loving you, whom can I love?**

**除了爱你，我还能爱谁？**

**Chú le ài nǐ, wǒ hái néng ài shéi?**

**Unless urgent, otherwise I will not do it this way. **

**除非紧急，不然我不会这么做。**

**Chú fēi jǐn jí, bù rán wǒ bù huì zhè me zuò.**

**How to get rid/remove eye bags and wrinkles?**

**如何去除眼袋和皱纹？**

**Rú hé qù chú yǎn dài hé zhòu wén?**

**I clean my house every day to remove the dirt.**

**我每天打扫家里，清除污垢。**

**Wǒ měi tiān dǎ sǎo jiā lǐ, qīng chú wū gòu.**

## Vocabulary: Mathematics and Arithmetic

### Mandarin Sentences: Mathematics 数学 Shùxué

Other than using **数学 Shùxué** as a noun for **Mathematics, **we can use it as an adjective too. We can say that someone **(He) has a mathematical mind**. **他有一个数学头脑。****Tā yǒu yīgè shùxué tóunǎo.**

**He was my Primary School Maths teacher.**

**他是我小学的数学老师。**

**Tā shì wǒ xiǎo xué de shù xué lǎo shī.**

**My math was not good. I failed my math.**

**我的数学不好。我的数学也不及格。**

**Wǒ de shù xué bù hǎo. Wǒ de shù xué yě bù jí gé.**

### Mandarin Sentences: Arithmetic 算数 Suànshù

**算数 ****Suànshù** is not just an **arithmetic** only about counting and calculation. When using this word in a Chinese sentence, it can also mean the **validity and accountability** **of the things being said verbally** like the second example below.

**He was barely 3 years old when he learned arithmetic.**

**他不到3岁就会算数了。**

**Tā bù dào 3 suì jiù huì suàn shù le.**

**Do you mean what you say or not? Whatever that was said yesterday are all not counted.**

**你说话算数不算数？ 昨天说的，全不算数。**

**Nǐ shuō huà suàn shǔ bù suàn shù? Zuó tiān shuō de, quán bù suàn shù.**

We move on to learn how to say the date starting with Weeks of the Day.