- What are Chinese Ordinal Numbers?
- 1. Simple Formula for Number Position with 第 Dì
- 2. 20 Chinese Ordinal Numbers to Sweep Your Feet
- • Removing Measure Word
- • Removing Noun
- 3. Short Write-Up with Chinese Ordinal Numbers
- 4. How to Say "First, Second, Third" in Chinese?
- 5. How to Say "Champion, 1st and 2nd Runner-Up" in Chinese?
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Simple Formula for Number Position with 第 | Dì
2. 20 Chinese Ordinal Numbers to Sweep Your Feet
• Removing Measure Word
• Removing Substantive Noun
3. Essay with Chinese Ordinal Numbers
4. How to Say “First, Second, Third” in Chinese?
5. How to Say “Champion, 1st and 2nd Runner-Up” in Chinese?
What are Chinese Ordinal Numbers?
Chinese Ordinal Numbers are defining number positions in a series such as first, second, third and so on. Cardinal numbers are 1, 2, 3, 10, 100 etc. You can also test your listening comprehension on the Chinese numerals.
Simple Formula for Number Position in Chinese with 第 | Dì
We always use the Chinese word 第 | Dì, followed by a Cardinal Number (1, 2, 3 …), then a Measure Word with a noun for forming Chinese Ordinal Numbers as per the formula below.
Dì + Number + Measure Word + Noun
第 + 号码 + 量词 + 名词
Dì + Hào Mǎ + Liàng Cí + Míng Cí
20 Chinese Ordinal Numbers with 第 | Dì to Sweep Your Feet
Look at the table below. To help you understand better and to learn more Chinese measure words and nouns with audio at the same time, the table of 20 Chinese Ordinal Numbers will use the formula stated above.
|The first position||第一 名||Dì yī míng|
|The second person||第二 个 人||Dì èr gè rén|
|The third time in love||第三 次 恋爱||Dì sān cì liàn’ài|
|The fourth dog||第四 条 狗||Dì sì tiáo gǒu|
|The fifth cat||第五 只 猫||Dì wǔ zhǐ māo|
|The sixth car||第六 辆 车||Dì liù liàng chē|
|The seventh house||第七 栋 房子||Dì qī dòng fáng zi|
|The eighth room||第八 间 房间||Dì bā jiān fáng jiān|
|The ninth room||第九 部 电影||Dì jiǔ bù diàn yǐng|
|The tenth table & chair||第十 张 桌子和椅子||Dì shí zhāng zhuō zi hé yǐ zi|
|The 11th book||第十一 本 书||Dì shí yī běn shū|
|The 12th knife||第十二 把 刀||Dì shí’èr bǎ dāo|
|The 13th cup of coffee||第十三 杯 咖啡||Dì shí sān bēi kā fēi|
|The 14th mountain||第十四 座 山||Dì shí sì zuò shān|
|The 15th bottle of milk||第 十五 瓶 牛奶||Dì shí wǔ píng niú nǎi|
|The 16th flower||第十六 朵 花||Dì shí liù duǒ huā|
|The 17th bouquet of flower||第十七 束 花||Dì shí qī shù huā|
|The 18th newspaper||第十八 份 报纸||Dì shí bā fèn bào zhǐ|
|The 19th computer||第十九 台 电脑||Dì shí jiǔ tái diàn nǎo|
|The 20th sentence||第二十 句 话||Dì èr shí jù huà|
Removing Measure Word from Chinese Ordinal Numbers
Of course, there are always exceptions to the grammar rule where the measure word/classifier are omitted out in the Chinese Ordinal Numbers.
1. When the Chinese Ordinal Numbers form part of the name of an establishment or the designation of a person, the measure word is dropped. Examples: First Bank (第一银行), First Lady (第一夫人).
2. When the Chinese Ordinal Numbers appear in a news headline, or a brief text not amounting to a complete Chinese sentence, the measure word may be excluded too.
3. In combination with some nouns relating to dates such as “the first year 第一年 Dì yī nián” and “the first day 第一天 Dì yī tiān”, there is no classifier. However, to describe the first month, there is always a classifier – 第一个月 Dì yī gè yuè.
Removing Substantive Noun from Chinese Ordinal Numbers
There are instances where the substantive noun can be dropped and left with only 第 Dì + Number + Measure Word. If the previous sentence has already mentioned the term, it is not necessary to repeat it again.
One example below which is similar to English sentence. Who 谁 Shuí / Shéi is an Interrogative Pronoun here and refers to a person and can never be something else. Likewise in the Chinese language, the same logic applies so we can drop the noun (person).
Who is the first?
Shéi shì dì yī wèi / gè?
Essay with Chinese Ordinal Numbers
The Chinese essay below uses several Chinese Ordinal Numbers sentences to give you an idea how to deploy 第 Dì in Mandarin. We drop some measure words and nouns, observing the grammar rules discussed above.
The story mentioned two children孩子 Háizi. The Chinese term is removed in the second and third sentences since the first one had already stated it. Thus, the following sentences do not have to mention them again.
Ten years ago, I just ended my first relationship. Shortly after, I met my husband. He was my second boyfriend. At that time, he was also my colleague. That was my third job. On the tenth month of being together, which was also our fourth travel, he proposed to me. After the third year of marriage, I already have two children. My first child is a son. The second is a daughter. Now, I am pregnant with the third.
十年前，我刚刚结束了我第一段恋情。不久后，我认识了我丈夫。他是我第二个男朋友。 当时，他也是我的同事。那是我第三份工作。在交往的第十个月， 也是我们第4次旅行，他向我求婚。婚后第三年，我已经有两个孩子了。我第一个孩子是儿子，第二个是女儿。现在，我怀了第三胎。
Shí nián qián, wǒ gāng gāng jiés hù le wǒ dì yī duàn liàn qíng. Bù jiǔ hòu, wǒ rèn shì le wǒ zhàng fū. Tā shì wǒ dì èr gè nán péng yǒu. Dāng shí, tā yě shì wǒ de tóng shì. Nà shì wǒ dì sān fèn gōng zuò. Zài jiāo wǎng de dì shí gè yuè, yě shì wǒ men dì sì cì lǚ xíng, tā xiàng wǒ qiú hūn. Hūn hòu dì sān nián, wǒ yǐ jīng yǒu liǎng gè hái zi le. Wǒ dì yī gè hái zi shì ér zi, dì èr gè shì nǚ’ér. Xiàn zài, wǒ huái le dì sān tāi.
Number Position in Chinese – First, Second, Third
The above demonstrates a general use of the number position. Now, I would like to highlight the first three position – first, second, third in Chinese during a competition. Whenever we mention a position in Chinese gained during a contest, we use the measure word/classifier 名 Míng.
I got first in the Chinese exam.
Wǒ zài huá wén kǎo shì zhōng dé liǎo dì yī míng.
He got second in a swimming contest.
Tā zài yóu yǒng bǐ sài zhōng ná le dì èr míng.
She got third in a singing competition.
Tā zài gē chàng bǐ sài zhōng huò dé le dì sān míng.
Getting the first position in a competition, how do you feel?
Bǐ sài zhōng qǔ dé le dì yī míng, nǐ yǒu shé me gǎn xiǎng?
For his first competition, he won the second position. Impressive!
Tā zài dì yī cì bǐ sài zhōng, jiù yíng dé dì èr míng, zhēn liǎo bù qǐ!
The brand from that company rose up to the third position in Asia.
Nà jiān gōng sī de pǐn pái zài yà zhōu shēng dào dì sān míng.
Competition 比赛 Bǐsài + In/During 中 Zhōng
The Chinese word 中 Zhōng is frequently used after the word – Competition 比赛 Bǐsài. 中 Zhōng means “middle”, “in the midst of something” or the preposition “in/during”.
Chinese Verbs Relating to Competition
There are a few Chinese verbs that can go with obtaining or winning a position. The choices stated below is almost interchangeable in the above sentence constructions.
You can win a competition but awkward to use ‘Win 赢得 Yíngdé’ when it comes to an examination. Therefore, it is not wise to say in Chinese “我在华文考试中赢得了第一名 | I win first in the Chinese exam” because it sounds exaggerating and boastful as an exam is not a competition.
How to Say “Champion, 1st and 2nd Runner-Up” in Chinese?
Especially In a large-scaled contest such as beauty pageants and singing competition, the word “Champion” is used, followed by the first and second runner-up to denote second and third place respectively.
|1st Runner-Up||亚军||Yà jūn|
|2nd Runner-Up||季军||Jì jūn|
The representative from China is the champion for the international beauty pageant.
Zhōng guó dài biǎo zài guó jì xuǎn měi dà sài zhōng huò dé guàn jūn.
They are the first runner-up in the Olympic Men’s Basketball tournament.
Tā men zài ào yùn huì nán zǐ lán qiú sài yíng dé yà jūn.
She is the second runner-up in the Global Chinese Singing Competition.
Tā zài quán qiú huá rén gē chàng bǐ sài zhōng qǔ dé jì jūn.
Learn how to do simple Math in Chinese with add, subtract, multiply and divide (加减乘除). Other than that, you will also learn how to use the Chinese words above and apply them in your daily life.