- How to Say Who, Whom, Whose in Chinese?
- 1. Single Word 谁 | Shuí or Shéi For All Three Terms
- • How to Say "Who Are You" in Chinese?
- 2. "Who" as Interrogative Pronoun
- • When No Subject Pronoun or Person is Mentioned
- • When Subject Pronoun or Person is Mentioned
- 3. How to Say "Whom" in Chinese?
- 4. How to Say "Whose" in Chinese?
- 5. Summary of 谁 Shuí / Shéi
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Single Word 谁 | Shuí or Shéi For All Three Terms
• How to Say “Who Are You” in Chinese?
2. “Who” as Interrogative Pronoun
• When No Subject Pronoun or Person is Mentioned
• When Subject Pronoun or Person is Mentioned
3. How to Say “Whom” in Chinese?
4. How to Say “Whose” in Chinese?
5. Summary of 谁 Shuí / Shéi
How to Say Who, Whom, Whose in Chinese?
Single Word 谁 | Shuí or Shéi For All Three Terms
Who in Chinese – 谁 | Shuí or Shéi is one of the Chinese Interrogation words. If you are an English speaker, whom and whose also use the same word 谁 Shuí / Shéi in a different placement. In another word, 谁 Shuí or Shéi can be either one the followings in a sentence.
① Subject Pronoun (Who)
② Object Pronoun (Whom)
③ Possessive Pronoun/Adjective (Whose)
There are two Chinese Pinyin to pronounce 谁 – Shuí / Shéi. You can enunciate in any sound you want as both are correct. “Shuí” is more common in Chinese literature reading. Click on the link to hear both pronunciations.
If you are using Google Translate to listen to the Chinese pronunciation, you will hear the “Shuí” intonation, but the written Chinese Pinyin is “Shéi”.
On a Chinese keyboard using Pinyin on a mobile phone, you can get the Chinese character 谁 by either the spelling of “shui” or “shei”.
How to Say “Who Are You” in Chinese?
How to say Who Are You in Chinese? If you lost your mind, you can also learn to say Who am I in Mandarin.
Who are you?
Nǐ shì shuí?
Who in Chinese as Interrogative Pronoun
谁 Shuí or Shéi is an Interrogative Pronoun which you ask Who in Chinese questions to identify the other person in the background.
When No Subject Pronoun or Person is Mentioned
谁 Shuí / Shéi is the most typical Chinese word to represent Who in Chinese. When no Subject Pronoun (eg. I, He, She) or another person is mentioned in a sentence, Who in Chinese 谁 acts as a Subject Pronoun. Usually, we place the word at the beginning of simple sentence construction.
Who is who?
Shuí shì shuí?
Who wants to go?
Shuí yào qù?
Who did it?
Shéi zuò de?
Who wants to go travelling?
Shuí xiǎng qù lǚ xíng?
Who does not want to have a good job?
Shuí bù xiǎng yǒu yī fèn hǎo de gōng zuò?
Who is your Chinese teacher?
Shuí shì nǐ de zhōng wén lǎo shī?
Who is shouting so loudly over there?
Shuí zài nà lǐ hǎn nà me dà shēng?
Who has taken his things away?
Shuí ná zǒu le tā de dōng xī?
Who steals your heart away?
Shuí bǎ nǐ de xīn tōu zǒu le?
Who makes her sad?
Shuí shǐ tā shāng xīn?
When Subject Pronoun or Person is Mentioned
When a Subject Pronoun or a person is mentioned in a sentence, we place them first preceding Who in Chinese – 谁 Shuí / Shéi. The position is different from English which starts with Who first.
Who is that man?
Nà gè nán rén shì shuí?
Who are you looking for?
Nǐ men yào zhǎo shuí?
Who is the person that he wants to marry? / Whom does he want to marry?
Tā yào qǔ shuí?
Who is the person that she likes?
Tā xǐ huān dì nà gè rén shì shuí?
Do you know who did the job? / Do you know who the culprit is?
Nǐ zhī dào zhè jiàn shì shì shuí gàn de ma?
How to Say Whom in Chinese?
Whom is an Object Pronoun that can be replaced by me, him and her. Nowadays, people are not using much Whom in spoken English because it is formal. They rather replace it with Who.
Whether to use Whom or Who correctly is an English grammar issue, but it does not affect the use of Whom in Chinese – 谁 Shuí / Shéi as an Object Pronoun here.
Whom did you call just now?
Nǐ gāng gāng dǎ gěi shuí?
With whom did you eat?
Nǐ hé shuí yī qǐ chī fàn?
You gave whom the puppy?
Nǐ bǎ xiǎo gǒu gěi le shuí?
Whom you want to invite to your house?
Nǐ yào qǐng shuí lái nǐ jiā?
To whom did you give the keys?
Nǐ bǎ yào shi jiāo gěi shuí?
How to Say Whose in Chinese?
Whose signifies possession belonging to people. We use it either as a Possessive Pronoun or a Possessive Determiner/Adjective. Whose in Chinese – 谁 Shuí or Shéi together with the word 的 De associate ownership between a person and the property.
- The first example below is an illustration of 谁 Shuí / Shéi as a Possessive Pronoun because there is no noun.
- The rest of the sentences are instances where 谁 Shuí / Shéi is a Possessive Adjective/Determiner with 的 De + Noun.
Whose is this?
Zhè ge shì shuí de?
Shuí de shū?
Tā shì shuí de lǎo pó?
Whose car is this? / Whose car?
Zhè liàng chē shì shuí de? / Shuí de chē?
Whose thing has dropped on the floor?
Shuí de dōng xī diào zài dì shàng?
Whose dirty hands ruined my painting?
Shuí de zàng shǒu nòng huài le wǒ de huà?
In this class, whose spoken mandarin is the best? / Who speaks the best Mandarin?
Zài zhè bān, shuí de zhōng wén jiǎng de zuì hǎo?
Summary of 谁 Shuí / Shéi
Here is a mini table to help you summarise the position of 谁 Shuí / Shéi in general. If the Chinese question construction gets complicated, the table may not always apply.
|Subject Pronoun||Who||谁 + Info|
|Object Pronoun||Whom||Subject (Pronoun) + Info + 谁 (+ Info)|
|Possessive Pronoun||Whose||Info + 谁的|
|Possessive Determiner / Adjective||Whose||(Info +) 谁的 + Noun (+ Info)|
Continue to the next post on Chinese Interrogation – How to Say What in Chinese?