Chinese Verbs

How to say “Promise” in Chinese? 答应 Daying and 承诺 Chengnuo in Mandarin



Chinese Verbs – Promise | 答应 Daying and Chinese Nouns – 承诺 Chengnuo in Mandarin

Promise in Chinese is 答应 Dāyìng and 承诺 Chéngnuò. We also use 承诺 Chéngnuò as a Chinese Noun of “a promise” in Mandarin.

答应 Dāyìng also means Agree in Chinese. Here, we use it sparingly only to specific replies relating to agreements.

Promise in Chinese – 答应 Dāyìng

We can use 答应 Dāyìng to say Promise in Chinese in general circumstances. With a mere 3 or 4 Chinese characters, you have already learned to say “I promise / I promise you.

If you want to add more information and extend the Chinese characters in the first sentence below, the context will change from “I promise” to “I agree + Information.” One example is “I agree with your request. 我答应你的要求。Wǒ dā yìng nǐ de yāo qiú.


I promise. I promise you.

我答应。我答应你。
Wǒ dā yìng. Wǒ dā yìng nǐ.


I have a secret to tell you. But, you have to promise me to keep it a secret.

我有一个秘密想告诉你。不过,你要答应我保守这个秘密。
Wǒ yǒu yī gè mì mì xiǎng gào sù nǐ. Bù guò, nǐ yào dā yìng wǒ bǎo shǒu zhè ge mì mì.


Ok, I promise you to keep it a secret.

好,我答应你保守秘密。
Hǎo, wǒ dā yìng nǐ bǎo shǒu mì mì.


Promise me that you would not leave me.

答应我,你不会离开我。
Dā yìng wǒ, nǐ bù huì lí kāi wǒ.


I promise to give you a call before sleeping.

我答应你,睡觉之前会打通电话给你。
Wǒ dā yìng nǐ, shuì jiào zhī qián huì dǎ tōng diàn huà gěi nǐ.


Didn’t you promise me the last time?

你上次不是答应我了吗?
Nǐ shàng cì bù shì dā yìng wǒ le ma?


When did I ever promise you (+ Information)?

我什么时候答应过你,(要和你去旅行)?
Wǒ shén me shí hòu dā yìng guò nǐ, (yào hé nǐ qù lǚxíng)?


If you cannot do it, don’t anyhow promise people.

假如你做不到的话,就不要随便答应别人。
Jiǎ rú nǐ zuò bù dào de huà, jiù bù yào suí biàn dā yìng bié rén.


When promising others, ought to do it.

答应别人的事,就要做到。
Dā yìng bié rén de shì, jiù yào zuò dào.



 

Promise Not in Chinese – 不答应 Bu Daying and 没答应 Mei Daying

Here are a few negations using 不答应 Bù dāyìng and 没答应 Méi dāyìng.

For the first sentence below, when you removed the Object Pronoun (me, him, her, you) and left with only 4 Chinese characters – “我不答应 Wǒ bù dāyìng“, the meaning would be ” I don’t agree” instead of “我没答应 Wǒ méi dāyìngI did not promise.”

I do not agree.

我不答应。
Wǒ bù dā yìng.


I am not able to promise (you). I cannot promise (you).

我不能(够)答应(你)。我不可以答应(你)。
Wǒ bù néng (gòu) dā yìng (nǐ). Wǒ bù kě yǐ dā yìng (nǐ).


I did not agree/promise. I didn’t promise you.

我没答应。我没答应你。
Wǒ méi dā yìng. Wǒ méi dā yìng nǐ.


If you come late, I am unable to promise you there would still be seats left.

如果你迟来的话,我不能够答应你还会有位子。
Rú guǒ nǐ chí lái de huà, wǒ bù néng gòu dā yìng nǐ hái huì yǒu wèi zi.


Unfortunately, now I cannot promise you, saying that I would surely come. I have to see whether I need to work overtime that day.

可惜,我不可以答应你说我一定能来。我要看看当天我需要加班吗。
Kě xí, wǒ bù kě yǐ dā yìng nǐ shuō wǒ yī dìng néng lái. Wǒ yào kàn kàn dàng tiān wǒ xū yào jiā bān ma.


I didn’t agree/promise to go out with him.

我没答应和他出门。
Wǒ méi dā yìng hé tā chū mén.


I didn’t agree/promise you that I would keep my promise.

我没答应你我一定会遵守承诺。
Wǒ méi dā yìng nǐ wǒ yī dìng huì zūn shǒu chéng nuò.


Promise in Chinese – 承诺 Chengnuo

承诺 Chéngnuò can be a verb or a noun as Promise in Chinese. However, we use it lesser as a verb than as a noun. As a verb, it has a literary sense and too flowery for daily use.

I have never used this word as a verb because the word seems to carry a lot of weight as Promise in Chinese. I would feel mushy to use it as a verb since I have other verb choices.

As a Chinese, I tend to associate this verb with images of serious, undying and eternal love for each other. To be fair, love is not what the verb is all about. It is also a formal word seen more often in the news.

Anyway, I would avoid using this word as a verb in a modern context for normal conversation except for formal writing or speech. I would prefer to use it as a noun which is more common.

As Chinese Verb – 承诺 Chengnuo

Both parties promise to love each other forever.

双方承诺会永远爱着对方。
Shuāng fāng chéng nuò huì yǒng yuǎn ài zhe duì fāng.


What do you hope the other party to promise to you?

你希望对方向你承诺些什么?
Nǐ xī wàng duì fāng xiàng nǐ chéng nuò xiē shén me?


We promise to provide our customers with the best service.

我们承诺为顾客提供最完美的服务。
Wǒ men chéng nuò wèi gù kè tí gōng zuì wán měi de fú wù.



As Chinese Noun – 承诺 Chengnuo

What is a promise?

承诺是什么?
Chéng nuò shì shén me?


How can one break a promise?

做人怎么可以不遵守承诺?
Zuò rén zěn me kě yǐ bù zūn shǒu chéng nuò?


Conduct oneself and keep promises.

做人要遵守承诺。
Zuò rén yào zūn shǒu chéng nuò.


What is the promise that you give to her?

你对她做出了什么承诺?
Nǐ duì tā zuò chū le shén me chéng nuò?


I do not wish to give him any promise.

我不想对他做出什么承诺。
Wǒ bù xiǎng duì tā zuò chū shén me chéng nuò.

 

The other Chinese Verb 保证 Bǎozhèng refers to Promise in Chinese too. 保证 Bǎozhèng has a significance of “guarantee” made in a formal or non-formal situation in speech or writing. Hence, we will discuss this in the following post – How to Say “Guarantee” in Chinese? 保证 Baozheng in Mandarin.

Also read: 150 Essential Chinese Verbs to Make You Verbal

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