Chinese Date & Time

How to Say “Date” in Chinese – Year, Month, Day in Mandarin?



How to Say Date in Chinese – Year, Month, Day in Mandarin?

How to say Date in Chinese? To mention Chinese Date – Year, Month, Day, you must be familiar with the numbers in Chinese from 1 to 31 to say out the day of the month and also to read the year from 2000 onwards correctly.

How to Say Calendar in Chinese?

There are several terms to the word Calendar in Mandarin. Just the Chinese lunar calendar alone has already several names. However, I would not be emphasising them but only the terms for the Solar or Gregorian Calendar which most of us are familiar with in our daily life.

Calendar日历Rìlì
Civil / Solar / Gregorian Calendar公历,阳历Gōnglì, Yánglì
Chinese / Lunar Calendar阴历,农历Yīnlì, Nónglì


How to Say Year in Chinese?

Year in Chinese is 年 Nián. We read the individual Chinese digits for Year in Chinese and not how you would say the cardinal number 1815 as

  • One thousand eight hundred and fifteen 一千八百十五 Yīqiān bābǎi shíwǔ or 
  • Year eighteen fifteen 十八十五年 Shíbāshíwǔ nián.

The exception is the year 2000 (and onwards) which we sometimes say it as a whole number (Year Two Thousand – see below) instead of individual number 二零零零年 Èr líng líng líng nián. If you want to say the Year in Chinese more correctly, cite the four digits separately and you will never go wrong.

Year 18151815 年Yī bā yī wǔ nián
Year 19991999 年Yī jiǔ jiǔ jiǔ nián
Year 20002000 年Liǎng qiān nián
Year 20182018 年Èr líng yī bā nián
Year 20502050 年Èr líng wǔ líng nián

 

How to Say Chinese Months?

How to say Month in Chinese? Month in Mandarin is  Yuè. Saying the twelve Chinese Months is very easy. Place the Chinese number 1 to 12 first, followed by the word Chinese month Yuè.

January一月Yī yuè
February二月Èr yuè
March三月Sān yuè
April四月Sì yuè
May五月Wǔ yuè
June六月Liù yuè
July七月Qī yuè
August八月Bā yuè
September九月Jiǔ yuè
October十月Shí yuè
November十一月Shíyī yuè
December十二月Shí’èr yuè



 How to Say Day in Chinese?

There are two ways to say Day in Chinese – Hào and  . Both refer to the day of the month. Usually, we use  Hào when we talk about the Day in Mandarin and  R when we write the Day in Chinese. You can use either to replace each other in speaking and writing the Day in Chinese. For illustration and listening, only the first 15 days is provided. You can also check out Chinese numeral 11 – 20 and 21 – 30 in a separate post.

1st一号Yī hào,
2nd二号Èr hào
3rd三号Sān hào
4th四号Sì hào
5th五号Wǔ hào
6th六号Liù hào
7th七号Qī hào
8th八号Bā hào
9th九号Jiǔ hào
10th十号Shí hào
11th十一日Shíyī rì
12th十二日Shí’èr rì
13th十三日Shísān rì
14th十四日Shísì rì
15th十五日Shíwǔ rì



 

Writing Dates in Chinese

Year   +  Month   +  Day
2018  30 

Different Period of the Year and Month in Chinese

We also have some terms to say the different period of the year and Chinese months below. As for telling other timelines of days and weeks such as yesterday, today, tomorrow and this week, last week in Mandarin and so on, read How to Say 7 Days of the Week.

  • Last Year, This Year, Next Year in Chinese

Three Years Ago大前年Dà qiánnián
The Year Before前年Qiánnián
Last Year去年Qùnián
This Year今年Jīnnián
Next Year明年Míngnián
The Year after Next后年Hòu nián
Three Years from Now大后年Dà hòu nián

  • Last Month, This Month, Last Month in Chinese

Three Months Ago三个月前Sān gè yuè qián
The Month Before上上个月Shàng shàng gè yuè
Last Month上个月Shàng gè yuè
This Month这个月,本月Zhège yuè, Běn yuè
Next Month下个月Xià gè yuè
The Month after Next下下个月Xià xià gè yuè
Three Months Later三个月后Sān gè yuè hòu

  • Beginning, Mid, End of the Month / Year in Chinese

Beginning of the Year年头Niántóu
Mid-Year年中Nián zhōng
End of the Year年尾Nián wěi
Beginning of the Month月头Yuè tóu
Mid-Month月中Yuè zhōng
End of the Month月尾Yuè wěi


 

Asking Questions on Chinese Date – Year, Month, Day

If you want to ask questions specifically on which year, which month and which day, you can use the word   in front of the Date in Chinese – Year, Month, Day.

*The link gives a detailed explanation of the inclusion and exclusion of Measure Words used with the Date in Chinese – , , together with the Chinese Interrogative WordWhich  .

  • Q = Question Wèn
  • A = Answer =

Q: Which day is it?
A: Today is the 16th.

问: 今天(是)几号?
答: 今天是16号。

– Jīn tiān (shì) jǐ hào?
– Jīn tiān shì 16 hào.


Q: When is your birthday?
A: My birthday is on 15th February.

问: 你的生日是几月几号?
答: 我的生日是2月15号。

– Nǐ de shēng rì shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào?
– Wǒ de shēng rì shì 2 yuè 15 hào.


Q: Which year were you born?
A: I was born in 1987.

问: 你几年出生的呢?
答: 我是1987年出生的。

– Nǐ jǐ nián chū shēng de ne?
– Wǒ shì yī jiǔ bā qī nián chū shēng de.


Q: This month, which day are you free to come to my house for collecting the thing?
A: I am not free to go to your house this month. After the 19th of next month, I will be free.

问: 这个月,你几号有空来我家拿东西?
答: 我这个月没空去你家。过了下个月19号我有空。

– Zhè ge yuè, nǐ jǐ hào yǒu kòng lái wǒ jiā ná dōng xī?
– Wǒ zhè ge yuè méi kōng qù nǐ jiā. Guò le xià gè yuè 19 hào wǒ yǒu kòng.


Q: When are you going to Beijing?
A: I am going on 17th this month to Beijing and 18th of next month to Shanghai. OR
A: I am going to Beijing on 17th November and 18th December to Shanghai.

问: 你几月几号去北京?
答: 我这个月17号去北京, 下个月18号去上海。OR
答: 我11月17号去北京, 12月18号去上海。

Nǐ jǐ yuè jǐ hào qù běi jīng?
– Wǒ zhè ge yuè 17 hào qù běi jīng, xià gè yuè 18 hào qù shàng hǎi.
– Wǒ 11 yuè 17 hào qù běi jīng, 12 yuè 18 hào qù shàng hǎi.



 

The Chinese word   is just one of the possibilities to ask questions regarding the Date in Chinese – Year, Month, Day. There are also other ways to ask Date in Mandarin with What, Which and When in Chinese.

Q: What is the date today? / What is the special day?
A: Today is our first wedding anniversary, 20th June!

问: 今天是什么日子?
答: 今天是我们结婚一周年,6月20日啊!

– Jīn tiān shì shén me rì zi?
– Jīn tiān shì wǒ men jié hūn yī zhōu nián, 6 yuè 20 rì a!


Q: When did you graduate from university?
A: I graduated in 2005.

问: 你什么时候大学毕业?
答: 我2005年大学毕业。

– Nǐ shén me shí hòu dà xué bì yè?
– Wǒ 2005 nián dà xué bì yè.


Q: Your two children were born in which year?
A: My two children were born on 2008 and 2012.

问: 你两个孩子在年出生?
答: 我两个孩子是在2008年和2012年出生的。

– Nǐ liǎng gè hái zi zài nián chū shēng?
– Wǒ liǎng gè hái zi shì zài 2008 nián hé 2012 nián chū shēng de.


Q: Which day are you free? We practice speaking Mandarin together.
A: The week after next on a Tuesday, the 21st.

问: 天你有空?我们一起练习说中文。
答: 那就后个礼拜二, 21号吧。

tiān nǐ yǒu kòng? Wǒ men yī qǐ liàn xí shuō zhōng wén.
– Nà jiù hòu gè lǐ bài èr, 21 hào ba.


Q: What month are they getting married this year?
A: They are getting married on 8th August which is coincidently an auspicious day for the Chinese.

问: 他们俩在今年什么月份结婚?
答: 他们正好在八月八日结婚,华人的良辰吉日。

- Tā men liǎ zài jīn nián shén me yuè fèn jié hūn?
– Tā men zhèng hǎo zài bā yuè bā rì jié hūn, huá rén de liáng chén jí rì.


With the end of the lesson about saying Date in Chinese, the next subject would be telling time in Chinese with hour, minutes and seconds.

 

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