Chinese Verbs – Teach | 教 Jiao and Chinese Nouns – Teaching | 教导 Jiaodao, 教学 Jiaoxue
Teach in Mandarin is 教 Jiào. It can also refer to the noun Teaching in Chinese when translating the sentence into English. However, 教 Jiào is not a precise word for ‘Teaching‘ as there are other more appropriate words for it – 教学 Jiàoxué.
教导 Jiàodǎo is also another word for Teaching or Teach in Mandarin. The difference between 教 and 教导 is that 教导 Jiàodǎo has a connotation to giving guidance to someone.
① Teach in Mandarin – 教 Jiao
To show respect when talking to the teachers, you may want to use the word 您 Nín as a more formal address to someone instead of 你 Nǐ.
* 名 Míng is a classifier for people and does not refer to the meaning of “name” in the first sentence below.
I am a teacher. I teach Chinese.
Wǒ shì yī míng lǎo shī. Wǒ jiāo zhōng wén.
Can you teach me Chinese?
Nǐ kě yǐ jiāo wǒ zhōng wén ma?
I can teach you French or English.
Wǒ kě yǐ jiāo nǐ fǎ yǔ huò yīng yǔ.
How is the teaching of your teacher? (What do you feel about the teaching method of your teacher?)
Nǐ de lǎo shī jiāo de rú hé?
How many years have you been teaching?
Nín jiāo shū jiāo le duō shào nián le?
My teacher is very patient in teaching us to study.
Wǒ de lǎo shī hěn yǒu nài xīn de jiāo wǒ men dú shū.
Teach me how to slim down.
Jiāo jiāo wǒ, yào zěn yàng shòu shēn?
If you want to learn to write Chinese characters, I can teach you how to write.
Rú guǒ nǐ xiǎng xué xiě zhōng wén zì, wǒ kě yǐ jiāo nǐ zěn me xiě.
② Teaching and Teach in Mandarin – 教导 Jiàodǎo
We can use 教导 Jiàodǎo as a Chinese verb for Teach in Mandarin or a noun as Teaching in Chinese. Since the keyword reference of 教导 Jiàodǎo is Guidance, it can also refer to other types of teaching not related to the mainstream education.
I have been teaching these students to play football for many years.
Wǒ jiào dǎo zhè xiē xué shēng tī zú qiú yǐ yǒu duō nián le.
I use different teaching methods to teach different people.
Wǒ yòng bù tóng de jiào dǎo fāng shì jiāo bù tóng rén.
The teaching and guidance that the teacher has given me all these years, I did not forget.
Lǎo shī duì wǒ zhè jǐ nián de jiào dǎo, wǒ mò chǐ nán wàng.
Regarding Buddhist teachings, I benefit greatly.
Duì yú fó xué jiào dǎo, wǒ shòu yì bù qiǎn.
③ Teaching in Chinese – 教学 Jiaoxue
教学 Jiàoxué can only be used as a noun and never a verb as opposed to 教导 Jiàodǎo which can be both.教学 Jiàoxué stresses on solely the teaching method in the aspect of education or understanding the subjects of study, but it does not denote guidance.
What’s your opinion on the teachers’ teaching method?
Nǐ duì jiào shī de jiào xué fāng shì yǒu shé me yì jiàn?
What kind of teaching methods can make students understand faster?
Zěn yàng de jiào xué fāng fǎ cái kě yǐ shǐ xué shēng liǎo jiě de gèng kuài?
Throughout your teaching experience, what impressed you the most?
Zài nǐ de jiào xué guò chéng zhōng, yǒu shé me shǐ nǐ yìn xiàng zuì shēn kè?
In the next supplementary post, I will explain some differences between teachers – 老师 Lǎoshī vs 教师 Jiàoshī. Moreover, I will also provide a list of subjects, so you know the right term to describe these teachers. Besides, there is a section why some people in some professions are called “Master” – 师傅 Shīfù.