TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Mandarin Personal Pronouns List
• English (I vs Me)
• Chinese (我 vs 我）
2. Simple Sentences
3. Replacing Nouns and Names
4. Imperative Sentences with Object Pronouns
5. Questions and Answers
6. Triple Chinese Personal Pronouns
7. Active and Passive Sentences
Chinese Personal Pronouns: Subject vs Object Pronouns (I vs Me)
Chinese Personal Pronouns are words that comprise of “I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, us, and them”. They are divided into two categories – Subject Pronouns and Object Pronouns. In English is “I vs Me” whereas, in Chinese, it is “我 vs 我”. Confusing?
In the first article, we introduce the use of Chinese Subject Pronouns together with the English verb to be and verb to have, followed by Asking Questions in Chinese with 吗｜Ma. The verbs used would be familiar for English speakers to relate and learn the Chinese grammars more easily.
Mandarin Personal Pronouns List
Now, we are going to take a step further to include the Object Pronouns (me) with the Subject Pronouns (I) to have a deeper understanding of the use of Personal Pronouns. Also, we will compare similar contextual sentences inter-changing their positions from the phrasal construction.
Learning the Chinese Personal Pronouns is the most fundamental grammar structures for beginners. Refer to the two tables below in English and Chinese for an overview of the Subject and Object Pronouns.
English Personal Pronouns List
|Subject Pronouns||Object Pronouns|
Chinese Personal Pronouns List
|Subject Pronouns||Object Pronouns|
You can see that the Subject Pronouns and the Object Pronouns have the same Chinese characters which might be confusing to some people. If you need audio, you can refer to this link – Chinese Pronouns Pinyin.
Simple Sentences with Chinese Personal Pronouns
(S) = Subject Pronoun
(O) = Object Pronoun
I (S) want you (O) to go to the city centre.
Wǒ yào nǐ qù shì zhōng xīn.
You (S) ask him (O) to come over now.
Nǐ jiào tā xiàn zài guò lái.
He (S) has no chance to explain to you (O – plural).
Tā méi jī huì xiàng nǐ men jiě shì.
They (S – females) sing a birthday song for me (O).
Tā men chàng shēng rì gē gěi wǒ.
Can you (S) go and look for her (O)?
Nǐ kě yǐ qù zhǎo tā ma?
Replacing Nouns and Names with Chinese Personal Pronouns
The examples below demonstrate how you can replace the nouns to Subject and Object Pronouns.
Peter called Mary.
He called her.
Bǐ dé dǎ diàn huà gěi Mǎ Lì.
Tā dǎ diàn huà gěi tā.
Do you think you and Mary are compatible?
Do you think you and her are compatible?
Nǐ jué dé nǐ hé mǎ lì pèi ma?
Nǐ jué dé nǐ hé tā pèi ma?
My husband drives me and the children to school.
He drove us to school.
Wǒ zhàng fū jià chē zài wǒ hé há izi qù xué xiào.
Tā jià chē zài wǒ men qù xué xiào.
Chinese Imperative Sentences with Object Pronouns
Imperative sentences are when you are giving instruction or an order to someone. Likewise in the same instances when constructing Chinese sentences, you do not have to use the subject pronouns but only the object pronouns.
Give the food to me.
Ná shí wù gěi wǒ.
Don’t be angry with us.
Bù yào shēng wǒ men de qì.
Apologise to her.
Xiàng tā dào qiàn.
Ask him to hurry up.
Jiào tā kuài diǎn!
Go and play with them.
Qù hé tā men wán.
Tonight, let me cook dinner for them.
Jīn wǎn, ràng wǒ zhǔ fàn gěi tā men chī.
The last Chinese sentence above is similar to English construction using two object pronouns.
Questions and Answers with Chinese Personal Pronouns
Can I help you?
Can you let me help you?
Please, (you) help me (for a while).
Wǒ kě yǐ bāng nǐ ma?
Nǐ kě yǐ ràng wǒ bāng nǐ ma?
Qǐng nǐ bāng wǒ yī xià.
Do you know Professor Lim?
We do not know him.
Nǐ men rèn shì Lín jiào shòu ma?
Wǒ men bù rèn shì tā.
Have (our) brother and sister seen the new neighbour?
They have not seen her yet.
Dì dì hé mèi mei kàn guò xīn de lín jū ma?
Tā men hái méi kàn guò tā.
Can you teach me Chinese? I can teach you English.
I can teach you Chinese. Teach me English!
Nǐ kě yǐ jiào wǒ zhōng wén ma? Wǒ kě yǐ jiào nǐ yīng yǔ.
Wǒ kě yǐ jiào nǐ zhōng wén. Jiào wǒ yīng yǔ ba!
Triple Chinese Personal Pronouns
Here are three personal pronouns used in Chinese sentence constructions. Either:-
- Two Subject Pronouns and one Object Pronoun or
- Two Object Pronouns and one Subject Pronoun.
They are constructed similarly like a direct English translation which might be familiar to you.
I (S) want him (O) to accompany me (O) to go shopping.
Wǒ yào tā péi wǒ yī qǐ qù guàng jiē.
I (S) hope that you (S) can give me (O) one more chance.
Wǒ xī wàng nǐ kě yǐ zài gěi wǒ yī cì jī huì.
Please (S – you) tell them (O) and ask them (O) to come for an interview tomorrow.
Qǐng nǐ gào sù tā men, jiào tā men míng tiān lái miàn shì.
Active and Passive Sentences
From Active Voice sentence construction to Passive Voice sentence construction with Chinese Personal Pronouns. The third example is using the Chinese word 被 bèi which is common when constructing passive sentences.
A: Active Voice
P: Passive Voice
A: I am the person in the photo.
P: The person in the photo is me.
Wǒ shì zhào piàn lǐ de rén.
Zhào piàn lǐ de rén shì wǒ.
A: I give you a present.
P: This present is for you.
Wǒ gěi nǐ yī fèn lǐ wù.
Zhè fèn lǐ wù shì gěi nǐ de.
A: He touched me.
P: I am touched by him.
Tā gǎn dòng le wǒ.
Wǒ bèi tā gǎn dòng le.
Next Lesson on Chinese Possessive Terms
Check out the next lesson on Chinese Possessive Pronouns vs Possessive Determiners (Mine vs My) with “的 De”. Learn how to distinguish the two by having different placements of the nouns.