How to Introduce Yourself in Chinese
It is not difficult to introduce yourself in Chinese language as they are fixed answers which you memorise about yourself. However, it is not that easy to be able to understand all the variations of questions asked. Therefore, in this article, you will also learn about various ways of questioning and response, so you know they mean the same thing and handle the Chinese self-introduction with ease.
For a start, I have prepared three articles below with audio on self-introduction speech examples, changing the variation of replies in Chinese for beginners when you introduce yourself in Mandarin. The questions and answers will revolve around: –
It is always a good practice to read and listen in Mandarin to guess the meaning of the articles before looking at the English translation.
Chinese Self-Introduction Essay and Speech Samples
Hāi! Dú zhě men,
Nǐ men hǎo! Wǒ jiào Ruì. Qí shí, Ruì shì wǒ de xìng shì. Wǒ shì huá rén. Wǒ lái zì xīn jiā pō. Bù guò, wǒ xiàn zài jū zhù ān tè wèi pǔ, bǐ lì shí de yī gè měi lì chéng shì. Wǒ yǒu yīgè yīng jùn de bǐ lì shí nán yǒu. Wǒ huì shuō yīng yǔ, huá yǔ, guǎng dōng huà, fǎ yǔ hé hé lán yǔ. Xiàn zài, wǒ hé nǐ men yī yàng, dōu zài xué xí yǔ yán. Wǒ měi tiān yào qù xué xiào shàng hé lán yǔ kè.
Píng shí, zài yè yú shí jiān, wǒ xiě bó kè hé shàng wǎng chá xún zī liào. Zài zhōu mò, wǒ xǐ huān hé wǒ de nán péng yǒu yī qǐ qí zì xíng chē, pāi zhào, gòu wù hé chī fàn. Wǒ zuì xǐ huān qù cān guǎn chī zhōng cān. Wǒ de zuì ài shì lǚ xíng. Wǒ qù guò hěn duō guó jiā.
Nà nǐ ne? Qǐng nǐ zì wǒ jiè shào, gào sù wǒ píng shí nǐ xǐ huān zuò xiē shén me? Qǐng liú yán.
How are you? I am called Rui. In fact, Rui is my surname. I am a Chinese. I come from Singapore. However, I am now living in Antwerp, a beautiful city in Belgium. I have a handsome Belgian boyfriend. I can speak English, Mandarin, Cantonese, French, and Dutch.
Now, I am like you, learning a language too. Every day, I go to school for my Dutch class. Usually, during my spare time, I blog and surf the internet for information. During the weekend, I like to cycle with my boyfriend, take photographs, shopping and eating. I also like going to restaurants to eat Chinese food. My favourite is travelling. I have been to many countries.
How about you? Please introduce yourself. Tell me what do you usually like to do? Please leave a message.
我的名字是彼得。 我今年27岁。 我从美国来的。 我还单身，也没有女朋友。 我会说英语和一点点西班牙语。我也在学习汉语。可是，我的中文说的不太好，还可以在进步。
Hāi! Nín hǎo!
Wǒ de míng zì shì Bǐ Dé. Wǒ jīn nián 27 suì. Wǒ cóng měi guó lái de. Wǒ hái dān shēn, yě méi yǒu nǚ péng yǒu. Wǒ huì shuō yīng yǔ hé yī diǎn diǎn xī bān yá yǔ. Wǒ yě zài xué xí hàn yǔ. Kěs hì, wǒ de zhōng wén shuō de bù tài hǎo, hái kěyǐ zài jìn bù.
Wǒ xiǎng qù zhōng guó lǚ xíng. Wǒ duì zhōng guó de wén huà hé yǔ yán hěn gǎn xìng qù. Wǒ xī wàng zhǎo yī wèi zhōng guó nǚ yǒu. Wǒ kě yǐ xiàng tā xué xí zhōng wén. Wǒ yě néng jiào tā yīngyǔ. Wǒ hěn hào dòng. Píng shí, wǒ xǐ huān zuò yùn dòng, lì rú pǎo bù hé yóu yǒng.
My name is Peter. I am 27 years old this year. I come from the United States. I am still single and also do not have a girlfriend. I speak English and some Spanish. Now, I am also learning Chinese. However, I do not speak Mandarin so well. It can still be improved.
I wish to travel to China. I am very interested in Chinese culture and language. I hope to find a Chinese girlfriend. I can learn Chinese from her. I can teach her English. I am very active. Usually, I like to exercise such as jogging and swimming.
我的嗜好是烹饪、阅读、听音乐和教书。我是一名教师。 我会说流利的英语、华语、 法语和一点点葡萄牙语。我不太喜欢做运动。不过，我很喜欢旅行，到处走走。
Hāi! Nǐ hǎo!
Wǒ shì Ài Lì Sī. Dà jiā dōu jiào wǒ Sī Sī. Wǒ shì jiā ná dà rén. Shí nián qián, wǒ cóng jiā ná dà bān qiān dào tái wān gōng zuò. Wǒ xué le wǔ nián de zhōng wén, xiàn zài néng shuō yī kǒu liú lì de huá yǔ. Wǒ xiàn nián sì shí suì. Wǒ yǐ hūn, jià gěi le yī wèi tái wān rén. Wǒ yǒu liǎng gè há izi, yīgè er zi hé yī gè nǚ’ér.
Wǒ de shì hào shì pēng rèn, yuè dú, tīng yīn yuè hé jiāo shū. Wǒ shì yī míng jiào shī. Wǒ huì shuō liú lì de yīng yǔ, huá yǔ, fǎ yǔ hé yī diǎn diǎn pú táo yá yǔ. Wǒ bù tài xǐ huān zuò yùn dòng. Bù guò, wǒ hěn xǐ huān lǚ xíng, dào chù zǒu zǒu.
Hello, my name is Alice. Everyone call me Si Si. I’m a Canadian. Ten years ago, I relocated from Canada to work in Taiwan. I have studied Chinese for five years. Now, I speak Mandarin fluently. This year, I am 40 years old. I am married to a Taiwanese. I have two children, a son and a daughter.
My hobby is cooking, reading, listening to music and teaching. I am a teacher. I speak fluent English, Mandarin, French and a little bit of Portuguese. I do not like so much to do sports. However, I enjoy travelling and walk around.
① Chinese Greetings and Pronouns
How to Say “Hello” in Chinese?
For the Chinese, it is common to greet in person with 嗨！你好! It has a similar connotation as “Hello, how are you?” but not a question asked like 你好吗？ to get a response. The Chinese greeting means “You are fine!” Since the tone of the sentence is an exclamation mark, the other party is not expected to give a reply to 你好!
The pronouns used in the three self-introduction speech in Chinese is: –
- 读者们 | dú zhě men | Readers
- 你们 | nǐ men | You (Plural)
- 您 | nín | You (Formal address of someone of a higher authority, a stranger or out of courtesy)
- 你 | nǐ | You (Singular. Informal way and most commonly used to address among friends and people)
Whenever you see the word 们 | mén, with a pronoun, it always refers to a plural form of a pronoun. You can virtually place the Chinese plural word 们 behind any nouns, but usually for humans and animals.
|你们||Nǐ men||You (Plural)|
|他们||Tā men||They (Plural, Men, Mixed Gender)|
|她们||Tā men||They (Plural, Women)|
② What is Your Name? Introduce Yourself in Chinese
The first sentence that most people learn is likely “What is your name?”. In a more formal setting, you can be asked to introduce yourself instead of someone asking you to say your name. Both sentences can be applied at the same time too.
How to Say “What is Your Name” in Chinese?
What is your name?
Please introduce yourself OR Please self-introduced.
请介绍一下你自己。 ( 或者 | or) 请自我介绍。
Nǐ jiào shén me míng zì?
Qǐng jiè shào yī xià nǐ zì jǐ. (huò zhě) Qǐng zì wǒ jiè shào.
How to Say “What is Your Surname?” in Chinese? – Formal
Here, you can see the formal pronoun 您 | you being used asking for only the surname (family name) instead of the person’s name. The person asking for only the family name wants to address the other party as Mr, Mrs or Miss + Surname.
One example is a shop assistant serving his customer. The Chinese find it more respectful to call a person by the surname when they do not know him well or when the status is higher. However, the person replying back do not need to use 您 and may use 你 instead.
I presume that if you are a foreigner especially a Caucasian, the Chinese would not ask you this question. Next time, you can also ask 您贵姓？to Chinese people if you meet them for the first time.
What is your surname? (Polite)
Nín guì xìng?
My surname is Li. How about you?
Wǒ xìng Lǐ. Nà nǐ ne?
Hi, Mr Lee. My surname is Rui. Pleased to meet you! / It is an honour to meet you!
Lǐ xiān shēng, nǐn hǎo. Wǒ xìng Ruì. Xìng huì, xìng huì!
How to Say “Who Are You” in Chinese?
Asking someone “Who are you?” is an abrupt and less friendly way when asking for a self-introduction. However, it has to depend on the tone used and the situation. 你是谁? can have an implied meaning of curiosity, uncertainty, suspicion or fear.
Example – You went to your friend’s house to look for her. She was not at home. The mother opened the house and saw you. She asked，“你是谁呀?” Then, you have to introduce yourself in Mandarin.
Who are you?
Nǐ shì shéi (ya)?
How to Say “My Name is … ” in Chinese?
There are three ways that you can introduce yourself with “My name is ___”.
a) I am called Rui.
b) My name is Peter.
c) I am Alice. Everyone calls me Si Si (nickname). You can call me Alicia or Si Si.
a) Wǒ jiào Ruì.
b) Wǒ de míng zì shì Bǐ dé.
c) Wǒ shì Ài Lì Sī. Dà jiā dōu jiào wǒ sī sī. Nǐ kě yǐ jiào wǒ Ài Lì Sī huò zhě shì Sī Sī.
③ How Old Are You?
The first two questions are common ways to ask someone their age. You can refer to the Chinese numbers of your age.
How to Say “What is Your Age” in Chinese?
What is your age?
a) 你今年几岁了？(或者 | or) 今年你几岁了？
a) Nǐ jīn nián jǐ suì le? (huò zhě) Jīn nián nǐ jǐ suì le?
b) Nǐ jīn nián duō shǎo suì le?
How to Say “How Old are You” in Chinese?
To ask someone’s age, “How OLD” in Chinese, is not a direct translation of the English word “old”. The literal translation of “How old” would be “多老“. “老” means aged, senior. Please do not ask someone “你多老?” because the Chinese will never ask a person’s age this way. It is quite offensive to use the Chinese word 老 | lǎo when talking to someone.
Instead, we use the phrase “how big – 多大” to ask someone’s age. Note that the phrase “多大” can have an ambiguous meaning. It can directly refer to the size of the object that you are discussing and not about age. The preferred sentence is still 你今年几岁了？when meeting someone for the first time.
How old are you?
a) Nǐ duō dà nián jì?
b) Nǐ duō dà nián líng?
c) Nǐ duō dà le?
How to Say “How old are you” in a Formal Way?
However, it is considered abrupt and rude to ask a senior, elderly or someone respectable on their age with the sentence construction above. In a formal situation or writing, we ask people on their age with 您今年贵庚? It is more polite asking when you hold high regard for someone.
How old are you? (Formal)
Nín jīn nián guì gēng?
How to Say “Your Age” in Chinese?
It is easy to say your age in Chinese. There are not many variations. You only have to know the Chinese numbers so you can tell your age to others.
I am 35 years old this year.
Wǒ jīn nián sān shí wǔ suì.
Pardon! My Age is Confidential!
Women are more reserved and sensitive when it comes to divulging their age especially Chinese women. Looks matter to many of them and they care about how people look at them.
Many of them also spend a lot of money, time and effort to maintain their youth. They hope to give a lasting impression of looking young forever.
Therefore, if you do not know a Chinese woman long enough, refrain from asking her age as you never know how she feels about telling it to you. Maybe she is fine with the question. Or, perhaps she does not like it and would not say it frankly.
Sorry, my age is a secret. Woman‘s age is always confidential.
Bù hǎo yì si, wǒ de nián líng shì mì mì. Nǚrén de nián líng shì bǎo mì de.
④ Where Are You From?
When someone asks you “where are you from”, you can tell them either your country of origin or your nationality. It is not necessary to say both unless you have a different nationality than that of the country that you live.
How to Say ” Where are you from” in Chinese?
Where are you from?
你从哪里来？(或者 | or) 你来自哪里？
Nǐ cóng nǎ lǐ lái? (huò zhě) Nǐ lái zì nǎ lǐ?
How to Say “Which country are you from” in Chinese?
Which country are you from?
你来自什么国家? (或者 | or) 你从什么国家来的？
Nǐ lái zì shén me guó jiā? (huò zhě) Nǐ cóng shén me guó jiā lái de?
How to Say “What is Your Nationality” in Chinese?
How to say Nationality 国籍 | Guó jí in Chinese? Most of the time, you use the ｛name of the country + 人 ｜people｝to derive the nationality.
Which country are you from? OR Who are you?
a) 你是什么国家的人? (或者 | or) 你是什么人？
a) Nǐ lái zì shén me guó jiā? (huò zhě) Nǐ cóng shén me guó jiā lái de?
b) Nǐ shì nǎ lǐ rén?
How to Say “Do You Come from (Country)” or “Are You (Nationality)” in Chinese?
Do you come from America? Are you an American?
Nǐ cóng měi guó lái de ma? Nǐ shì měi guó rén ma?
How to Say “Your Country and Nationality” in Chinese?
I am American, from California.
Wǒ shì měi guó rén, lái zì jiā zhōu.
I come from Germany (or) I am from Germany (Berlin).
我从德国来 (或者 | or) 我来自德国(柏林)。
Wǒ cóng dé guó lái (huò zhě) wǒ lái zì dé guó (bó lín).
I come from Italy but I am a Turk.
Wǒ lái zì yì dà lì, dàn wǒ shì tǔ’ěr qí rén.
I am not Dutch. I am French.
Wǒ bù shì hé lán rén. Wǒ shì fà guó rén.
I do not come from England. I am Australian.
Wǒ bù shì cóng yīng guó lái de. Wǒ shì ào dà lì yǎ rén.
⑤ What Do You Like to Do? Hobby and Interest
The questions below are all referring to the same things. That is your hobbies and interests. Sometimes, the word 平时 ｜píng shí is added and means ‘usually’. I will prepare a list of activities about hobbies and interests in the near future so you can make references to what you like to do.
How to Say “What Do You Like to Do” in Chinese?
What do you like to do?
Nǐ xǐ huān zuò (xiē) shén me?
I like jogging and swimming.
Wǒ xǐ huān pǎo bù hé yóu yǒng.
How to Say “What is Your Interest” in Chinese?
What is your interest?
Nǐ de xìng qù shì shén me?
My interest is surfing the net and shopping.
Wǒ de xìngqù shì shàng wǎng hé guàng jiē.
How to Say “What is Your Hobby” in Chinese?
What is your hobby?
Nǐ de shì hào shì shén me?
Nǐ de ài hào shì shén me?
My hobby is reading, listing to music and watching movies.
Wǒ de shì hào shì yuè dú, tīng yīn yuè hé kàn diàn yǐng.
⑥ What is Your Marital Status?
Western men looking for a Chinese girlfriend would always be happy to declare that he is single and available. He also wants to know whether they are still single and available or married. It is just an illustration and applies to anyone who wants to say about their relationship status.
How to Say “What is Your Marital Status” or “Relationship Status” in Chinese?
To be honest, I have never had anyone asked me about my marital status 你的婚姻状况是什么? except when filling up forms because it sounds too formal. Many would just ask me about my relationship status “Are you married?” or “Do you have a boyfriend?”
It is always good to know the Chinese phrase ‘marital status’ for administration purpose and the different status as part of introducing yourself in Chinese to others.
What is your Marital Status?
Nǐ de hūn yīn zhuàng kuàng shì shén me?
How to Say “Are You Single” in Chinese?
Most importantly, people want to know whether you are single or married.
Are you single? OR Are you still single?
你单身吗？( 或者 | or) 你还单身吗？
Nǐ dān shēn ma? (huò zhě) Nǐ hái dān shēn ma?
How to Say “Do You Have a Boyfriend” in Chinese?
Do you have a boyfriend?
Nǐ yǒu nán péng yǒu ma?
Are you seeing anybody? Do you have someone in mind?
Nǐ yǒu duì xiàng ma?
How to Say “Are You Married” in Chinese?
Are you married?
Nǐ jié hūn le ma?
How to Say “I am Single” in Chinese?
I am single and have no girlfriend.
Wǒ dān shēn, yě méi yǒu nǚ péng yǒu.
I am still single but I have a boyfriend.
Wǒ hái dān shēn, dàn shì wǒ yǒu yī gè nán péng yǒu.
I am not married.
我未婚 ( 或者 | or) 我还没结婚。
Wǒ wèi hūn (huò zhě) Wǒ hái méi jié hūn.
How to Say “Got Engaged, Fiance and Fiancee” in Chinese?
I am engaged.
He is my fiance.
She is my fiancee.
Wǒ dìng hūn le. Tā shì wǒ de wèi hūn fū. Tā shì wǒ de wèi hūn qī.
How to Say “I am Married” in Chinese?
I am married.
我已婚 (或者 | or) 我结婚了。
Wǒ yǐ hūn (huò zhě) Wǒ jié hūn le.
How to Say “I am Divorced or a Divorcee” in Chinese?
I am divorced. I am a divorcee.
Wǒ lí hūn le. Wǒ shì lí hūn zhě.
How to Say “I am Separated” in Chinese?
I am in the midst of a separation.
Wǒ zài fēn jū zhuàng tài zhōng.
How to Say “Widow” and “Widower” in Chinese?
For widows and widowers, it is not necessary to mention that. The Chinese might find it awkward to reply back. Just say that you are still single if you do not want to be too frank. After all, the Chinese are usually reserved people if you do not know them well and would not go too deep into such a topic.
I would think that not many people would say upfront that “I am a widow or widower” as it is somewhat private to use as a self-introduction in Chinese. Nonetheless, the Chinese sentences below are for information.
I am a widow. My husband passed away two years ago.
Wǒ shì gè guǎ fù. Wǒ de zhàng fū liǎng nián qián qù shì le.
I am a widower. My wife recently passed away due to sickness.
Wǒ shì gè guān fū. Wǒ de qī zi bù jiǔ qián bìng shì le.
Your Turn to Introduce Yourself in Chinese
So, now is your turn. Leave a reply to me in Chinese (or English) and tell us about yourself. 请你告诉我，平时你喜欢做些什么呢？Take it as a practice and show us what you have learnt. I will reply back to you 🙂