TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. 3 Ways to Say Days of the Week in Chinese
• 周 Zhōu• 星期 Xīngqí• 礼拜 Lǐbài
» Brief Origin of 礼拜 Lǐbài
2. “Weekday and Weekend” in Chinese
3. “Different Period of the Week” in Chinese
4. “Days of the Week” Sentences
5. “Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow” in Chinese
• Essay: Camping Activity for a Week
How to Say Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin?
There are 3 ways to say 7 Days of the week in Chinese Mandarin. You only need to remember one or two words at the front of the sentence – 星期 Xīngqí, 礼拜 Lǐbài, 周 Zhōu, followed by the numbers 1 to 6 according to the days of the week.
We do not use the number 7 (七) for Sunday in Mandarin as it has other names to say it – 星期 / 礼拜(x)天 Tiān, 星期 / 礼拜(x)日 Rì. The set of words used to say days of the week in Mandarin depend on the country, city or the environment that you are going.
Which are your favourite days of the week?一周中的日子，你最喜欢哪一天？
Yī zhōu zhōng de rì zi, nǐ zuì xǐ huān nǎ yī tiān?
3 Ways to Say Days of the Week in Chinese
星期 Xīngqí is deemed as a more standard way to say Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin as compared to 周 Zhōu which is more casual and used in spoken Mandarin in many parts of China.
|Sunday||星期日，星期天||Xīngqí rì, Xīngqí tiān|
|Sunday||礼拜日，礼拜天||Lǐbài rì, Lǐbài tiān|
Brief Origin of 礼拜 Lǐbài
The third method of saying Days of the Week in Chinese is 礼拜 Lǐbài. It was introduced by Christianity and Islam. The first day of the week starts on a Sunday instead of a Monday according to their calendar.
Christians advocate freedom and believe that they should rest first before working. Hence, Sunday becomes the first day followed by the working days. Another class of theory is the resurrection of Jesus Christ on a Sunday after the crucifixion on Friday. Therefore, Sunday is a day of commemoration.
In spite of the religious initiation, there is absolutely no spiritual connotation for people who use the term 礼拜 Lǐbài in modern time. The Fujian province and its dialect, Hokkien, use the term 礼拜 to say the Days of the Week in Chinese.
Sometimes, you may hear some contraction words like 拜一, 拜二 instead of 礼拜一, 礼拜二. Well, they mean the same thing. For Sunday, we still call it as 礼拜天 Lǐbài tiān with no contraction. To say 拜天 Bài tiān is wrong.
How to Say Weekday and Weekend in Chinese?
Weekday in Chinese is 平日 Píngrì. We can also say it as 工作日 Gōngzuò rì which means “Working Days”. Weekend in Chinese is 周末 Zhōumò. The terms for weekday and weekend are the same across the three categories of Days of the week in Chinese above.
Attention: Some people’s working days are during the weekend.
Qǐng zhù yì: Yǒu xiē rén de gōng zuò rì shì zài zhōu mò.
How to Say Different Period of the Week in Chinese?
A lot of brackets are seen here. It means that the Chinese phrase can do with or without the word in the bracket for Days of the Week in Chinese. Personally, I would use the measure word 个 gè for all the illustrations below. We say the same way in year and month too.
|Three Weeks Ago||三周前，三(个)星期前，三(个)礼拜前||Sān zhōu qián, Sān (gè) xīng qí qián, Sān (gè) lǐ bài qián|
|Two Weeks Ago||上上周, 两(个)星期前，两(个)礼拜前||Shàng shàng zhōu, Liǎng (gè) xīng qí qián, Liǎng (gè) lǐ bài qián|
|Last Week||上周，上(个)星期，上(个)礼拜||Shàng zhōu, shàng (gè) xīng qí, Shàng (gè) lǐ bài|
|This Week||这周，这(个)星期，这(个)礼拜||Zhè zhōu, zhè (gè) xīng qí, Zhè (gè) lǐ bài|
|Next Week||下周，下(个)星期，下(个)礼拜||Xià zhōu, Xià (gè) xīng qí, Xià (gè) lǐ bài|
|Two Weeks Later||下下周，两(个)星期后，两(个)礼拜后||Xià xià zhōu, Liǎng (gè) xīng qí hòu, Liǎng (gè) lǐ bài hòu|
|Three Weeks Later||三周后，三(个)星期后，三(个)礼拜后||Sān zhōu hòu, Sān (gè) xīng qí hòu, sān (gè) lǐ bài hòu|
Days of the Week in Mandarin Sentences
Here are some examples of Days of the Week in Mandarin sentences from 星期 Xīngqí, 礼拜 Lǐbài and 周 Zhōu. They are all interchangeable.
Which day of the week is it?
Jīn tiān (shì) xīng qí jǐ?
For your two weeks of vacation, where are you planning to go for your holiday?
Nǐ xiū jià liǎng zhōu, dǎ suàn qù nǎ lǐ dù jià?
After a week of rest, I started school again.
Xiū xí yī gè xīng qí hòu, wǒ yòu kāi xué le.
This week, when are you free to go for a job interview?
Zhè ge lǐ bài, nǐ jǐ shí yǒu kòng qù yìng zhēng gōngzuò?
Monday is my first day of work, I am so nervous.
Zhōu yī shì wǒ shàng bān de dì yī tiān, wǒ hǎo jǐn zhāng.
Do you go to church every Sunday?
Nǐ měi gè lǐ bài tiān dū qù jiào táng ma?
I work five days from Tuesday to Saturday. Sunday and Monday are my rest days.
Wǒ gōng zuò wǔ tiān, cóng xīng qí’èr dào xīng qí liù. Xīng qí tiān hé xīng qí yī shì wǒ de xiū xí rì.
Are you free next Friday evening? I would like to invite you to dinner.
Nǐ xià gè xīng qí wǔ wǎn shàng yǒu kòng ma? Wǒ xiǎng yuē nǐ qù chī fàn.
This weekend, what plans do you have? (节目 means ‘programme’. But here, it implies asking people about their ‘activities’.)
Zhè ge zhōu mò, nǐ yǒu shé me jié mù?
How to Say Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow in Chinese?
Here is another way to describe 7 Days of the Week in Chinese with a useful deployment of the terms in the Chinese essay below.
|Three Days Ago||大前天||Dàqiántiān|
|The Day before Yesterday||前天||Qiántiān|
|The Day after Tomorrow||后天||Hòutiān|
|Three Days from Now||大后天||Dàhòutiān|
Chinese Essay: Camping Activity for 7 Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin
First, you have to assume that today is Thursday, yesterday was Wednesday, tomorrow will be Friday so on and so forth for the Chinese essay.
In general, we position the 7 Chinese words at either one of the placements below which the examples are all illustrated in the essay:-
- At the start of the sentence
- At the start of the subordinate clause
- After the Subject Pronoun
Very rarely do we deploy it at the end of the sentence for Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin. However, anything is possible due to the flexible sentence construction.
1. Tomorrow is my birthday.
Míngtiān shì wǒ de shēngrì.
2. My birthday is tomorrow.
Wǒ de shēngrì zài míngtiān.
Three days ago (Monday) was my last exam, then my holiday began. The day before yesterday (Tuesday), my good friend called me and asked me whether I wanted to go camping with him the day after tomorrow. I thought for a night. Yesterday (Wednesday), I replied to him and said I could go. Today (Thursday), I go and buy a camping tent and some food. Tomorrow (Friday), I will meet up with him to discuss the campsite venue. In the morning of the day after tomorrow (Saturday), we will meet at the metro station. We camp for a night. We will go back home the next day (Sunday – three days from now).
Dà qián tiān, shì wǒ zuì hòu yī gè kǎo shì, rán hòu wǒ fàng jià le. Qián tiān, wǒ de hǎo péng yǒu dǎ diàn huà wèn wǒ hòu tiān yào bù yào yī qǐ qù lù yíng. Wǒ xiǎng le yī yè. Zuó tiān, wǒ huí fù le tā, shuō wǒ kě yǐ qù. Jīn tiān, wǒ qù mǎi zhàng péng hé zhǔn bèi yī xiē chī de dōng xī. Wǒ míng tiān huì hé tā jiàn miàn, tǎo lùn guān yú lù yíng dì dì diǎn. Hòu tiān zǎo shang, wǒ men zài dì tiě zhàn huì hé. Wǒ men lù yíng zhù yī gè wǎn shàng, dà hòu tiān jiù huí jiā le.
Tell Me Your Activity for a Week
Now that you have learned how to say the Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin, you could try and write something as an exercise by making use of all the 7 Chinese words or less. In the following article, you will learn How to Say the Date with Day, Month and Year.