Chinese Date & Time

How to Say “7 Days of the Week” in Chinese Mandarin with 星期(x), 礼拜(x) and 周(x)?



How to Say Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin?

Saying the 7 Days of the week in Chinese Mandarin is more straightforward than English and perhaps any other language. How to say “Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday” in Chinese?

You only need to remember one or two words at the front of the sentence – 星期 Xīngqí礼拜 Lǐbài, Zhōu, followed by the numbers 1 to 6 according to the days of the week. We do not use the Chinese number 7 for Sunday as it has other names to say it – (x) Tiān and (x) .

There are three ways to say the Days of the week in Chinese Mandarin. Which set of the days of the week in Chinese to use below depend on the country, city or the environment that you are going. In Singapore, we use 星期(x) and 礼拜(x) instead of (x)。


3 Ways to Say Days of the Week in Chinese

星期 Xīngqí is deemed as a more standard way to say Days of the Week in Chinese  Mandarin as compared to  Zhōu which is more casual and used in spoken Mandarin in many parts of China.

  • 周 Zhōu

Monday周一Zhōu yī
Tuesday周二Zhōu’èr
Wednesday周三Zhōu sān
Thursday周四Zhōu sì
Friday周五Zhōu wǔ
Saturday周六Zhōu liù
Sunday周日Zhōu rì
Weekday平日Píngrì
Weekend周末Zhōumò

 

  • 星期 Xīngqí

Monday星期一Xīngqí yī
Tuesday星期二Xīngqí’èr
Wednesday星期三Xīngqí sān
Thursday星期四Xīngqí sì
Friday星期五Xīngqí wǔ
Saturday星期六Xīngqí liù
Sunday星期日,星期天Xīngqí rì, Xīngqí tiān

 

  •  礼拜 Lǐbài

Sunday礼拜日,礼拜天Lǐbài rì, Lǐbài tiān
Monday礼拜一Lǐbài yī
Tuesday礼拜二Lǐbài èr
Wednesday礼拜三Lǐbài sān
Thursday礼拜四Lǐbài sì
Friday礼拜五Lǐbài wǔ
Saturday礼拜六Lǐbài liù

 

Brief Origin of 礼拜 Lǐbài

The third method of saying Days of the Week in Chinese is 礼拜 Lǐbài. It was introduced by the Christianity and the Islam. The first day of the week starts on a Sunday instead of a Monday according to their calendar.

The Christians advocate freedom and believe that they should rest first before working. Hence, Sunday becomes the first day followed by the working days. Another class of theory is the resurrection of Jesus Christ on a Sunday after the crucifixion on Friday. Therefore, Sunday is a day of commemoration.

In spite of the religious initiation, there is absolutely no spiritual connotation for people who use the term 礼拜 Lǐbài in modern time. The Fujian province and its dialect, Hokkien, use the term 礼拜 to say the Days of the Week in Chinese.

Sometimes, you may hear some contraction words like 拜一, 拜二 instead of 礼拜一, 礼拜二. Well, they mean the same thing. For Sunday, we still call it as 礼拜天 Lǐbài tiān with no contraction. To say 拜天 Bài tiān is wrong.



How to Say Weekday and Weekend in Chinese?

Weekday in Chinese is 平日 Píngrì. We can also say it as 工作日 Gōngzuò rì which means “Working Days”. Weekend in Chinese is 周末 Zhōumò. The terms for weekday and weekend are the same across the three categories of Days of the week in Chinese above.

Attention: Some people’s working days are during the weekend.

请注意:有些人的工作日是在周末。
Qǐng zhù yì: Yǒu xiē rén de gōng zuò rì shì zài zhōu mò.

 

How to Say Different Period of the Week in Chinese?

A lot of brackets are seen here. It means that the Chinese phrase can do with or without the word in the bracket for Days of the Week in Chinese. Personally, I would use the measure word 个 gè for all the illustrations below. We say the same way in year and month too.

Three Weeks Ago三周前,三(个)星期前,三(个)礼拜前Sān zhōu qián, Sān (gè) xīng qí qián, Sān (gè) lǐ bài qián
Two Weeks Ago上上周, 两(个)星期前,两(个)礼拜前Shàng shàng zhōu, Liǎng (gè) xīng qí qián, Liǎng (gè) lǐ bài qián
Last Week上周,上(个)星期,上(个)礼拜Shàng zhōu, shàng (gè) xīng qí, Shàng (gè) lǐ bài
This Week这周,这(个)星期,这(个)礼拜Zhè zhōu, zhè (gè) xīng qí, Zhè (gè) lǐ bài
Next Week下周,下(个)星期,下(个)礼拜Xià zhōu, Xià (gè) xīng qí, Xià (gè) lǐ bài
Two Weeks Later下下周,两(个)星期后,两(个)礼拜后Xià xià zhōu, Liǎng (gè) xīng qí hòu, Liǎng (gè) lǐ bài hòu
Three Weeks Later三周后,三(个)星期后,三(个)礼拜后Sān zhōu hòu, Sān (gè) xīng qí hòu, sān (gè) lǐ bài hòu



Days of the Week in Mandarin Sentences

Here are some examples of Days of the Week in Mandarin sentences from 星期 Xīngqí礼拜 Lǐbài and  Zhōu. They are all interchangeable.

Which day of the week is it?

今天(是)星期几?
Jīn tiān (shì) xīng qí jǐ?


For your two weeks vacation, where are you planning to go for your holiday?

你休假两周,打算去哪里度假?
Nǐ xiū jià liǎng zhōu, dǎ suàn qù nǎ lǐ dù jià?


After a week of rest, I started school again.

休息一个星期后,我又开学了。
Xiū xí yī gè xīng qí hòu, wǒ yòu kāi xué le.


This week, when are you free to go for a job interview?

这个礼拜,你几时有空去应征工作?
Zhè ge lǐ bài, nǐ jǐ shí yǒu kòng qù yìng zhēng gōngzuò?


Monday is my first day of work, I am so nervous.

周一是我上班的第一天,我好紧张。
Zhōu yī shì wǒ shàng bān de dì yī tiān, wǒ hǎo jǐn zhāng.


Do you go to church every Sunday?

你每个礼拜天都去教堂吗?
Nǐ měi gè lǐ bài tiān dū qù jiào táng ma?


I work five days from Tuesday to Saturday. Sunday and Monday are my rest days.

我工作五天,从星期二到星期六。星期天和星期一是我的休息日。
Wǒ gōng zuò wǔ tiān, cóng xīng qí’èr dào xīng qí liù. Xīng qí tiān hé xīng qí yī shì wǒ de xiū xí rì.


Are you free next Friday evening? I would like to invite you to dinner.

你下个星期五晚上有空吗?我想约你去吃饭。
Nǐ xià gè xīng qí wǔ wǎn shàng yǒu kòng ma? Wǒ xiǎng yuē nǐ qù chī fàn.


This weekend, what plans do you have? (节目 means ‘programme’. But here, it implies asking people about their ‘activities’.)

这个周末,你有什么节目?
Zhè ge zhōu mò, nǐ yǒu shé me jié mù?


How to Say Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow in Chinese?

Here is another way to describe 7 Days of the Week in Chinese with a useful deployment of the terms in the Chinese essay below.

Three Days Ago大前天Dàqiántiān
The Day before Yesterday前天Qiántiān
Yesterday昨天Zuótiān
Today今天Jīntiān
Tomorrow明天Míngtiān
The Day after Tomorrow后天Hòutiān
Three Days from Now大后天Dàhòutiān

 

Chinese Essay: Camping Activity for 7 Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin

First, you have to assume that today is Thursday, yesterday was Wednesday, tomorrow will be Friday so on and so forth for the Chinese essay.

In general, we position the 7 Chinese words at either one of the placements below which the examples are all illustrated in the essay:-

  • At the start of the sentence
  • At the start of the subordinate clause
  • After the Subject Pronoun

Very rarely do we deploy it at the end of the sentence for Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin. However, anything is possible due to the flexible sentence construction.

1. Tomorrow is my birthday.
    明天是我的生日。
    Míngtiān shì wǒ de shēngrì.

2. My birthday is tomorrow.
    我的生日在明天
    Wǒ de shēngrì zài míngtiān.

Three days ago (Monday) was my last exam, then my holiday began. The day before yesterday (Tuesday), my good friend called me and asked me whether I wanted to go camping with him the day after tomorrow. I thought for a night. Yesterday (Wednesday), I replied him and said I could go. Today (Thursday), I go and buy camping tent and some food. Tomorrow (Friday), I will meet up with him to discuss on the campsite venue. In the morning of the day after tomorrow (Saturday), we will meet at the metro station. We camp for a night. We will go back home the next day (Sunday – three days from now).


大前天,是我最后一个考试,然后我放假了。前天,我的好朋友打电话问我后天要不要一起去露营。我想了一夜。昨天,我回复了他,说我可以去。今天,我去买帐篷和准备一些吃的东西。我明天会和他见面,讨论关于露营的地点。后天早上,我们在地铁站会合。我们露营住一个晚上,大后天就回家了。


Dà qián tiān, shì wǒ zuì hòu yī gè kǎo shì, rán hòu wǒ fàng jià le. Qián tiān, wǒ de hǎo péng yǒu dǎ diàn huà wèn wǒ hòu tiān yào bù yào yī qǐ qù lù yíng. Wǒ xiǎng le yī yè. Zuó tiān, wǒ huí fù le tā, shuō wǒ kě yǐ qù. Jīn tiān, wǒ qù mǎi zhàng péng hé zhǔn bèi yī xiē chī de dōng xī. Wǒ míng tiān huì hé tā jiàn miàn, tǎo lùn guān yú lù yíng dì dì diǎn. Hòu tiān zǎo shang, wǒ men zài dì tiě zhàn huì hé. Wǒ men lù yíng zhù yī gè wǎn shàng, dà hòu tiān jiù huí jiā le.

 

Tell Me Your Activity for a Week

Now that you have learned how to say the Days of the Week in Chinese Mandarin, you could try and write something as an exercise by making use of all the 7 Chinese words or less. In the following article, you will learn How to Say the Date with Day, Month and Year.

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