Chinese Verbs

How to Say “Application and Apply” in Chinese? 申请 Shenqing in Mandarin



Chinese Noun and Verb: Application and Apply | 申请 Shenqing in Mandarin

Apply in Chinese is 申请 Shēnqǐng. We can use the Chinese word as a verb or as a noun – Application in Chinese. In this post, we only discuss the Chinese term as in ‘applying for something‘ and NOT an ‘application’ for a method.

Application and Apply in Chinese – 申请 Shenqing

The three illustrations below may give you an idea of the placement of 申请 Shēnqǐng to the same descriptive noun would determine whether 申请 Shēnqǐng is a verb (Apply in Chinese) or a noun (Application in Chinese). They are almost like a literal English translation if it makes sense for you to understand better.


When 申请 Shēnqǐng is at the front of another subject noun, 申请 Shēnqǐng is likely to be Apply in Mandarin. If the placement is after the subject noun, the possibility of 申请 Shēnqǐng would then be Application in Chinese.

Apply for a job (Verb)申请工作Shēnqǐng gōngzuò
Job application (Noun)工作申请Gōngzuò shēnqǐng
Apply for a bank loan申请贷款Shēnqǐng dàikuǎn
Loan application (Noun)贷款申请Dàikuǎn shēnqǐng
Scholarship application (Noun)奖学金申请Jiǎngxuéjīn shēnqǐng
Apply for a scholarship (Verb)申请奖学金Shēnqǐng jiǎngxuéjīn
Apply for a visa/passport (Verb)申请签证/护照Shēnqǐng qiānzhèng/hùzhào
Visa/Passport application (Noun)签证/护照申请Qiānzhèng/hùzhào shēnqǐng

Although the above is a guideline, unfortunately, there are quite a few Chinese terms out there that would not follow it.




That is to say that 申请 Shēnqǐng would precede the Subject Noun instead. Some examples are:-

Application Form申请表格Shēnqǐng biǎogé
Application Letter申请书Shēnqǐng shū
Application Period申请期 Shēnqǐng qī

If you find it confusing, what you can do is to translate the English or Chinese phrase literally according to their position.

You may not always be right for all words. At least, that is what you see from the examples shown – a direct translation. Therefore, you may not be wrong either with some understanding of 申请 Shēnqǐng.


Apply in Chinese as a Verb – 申请 Shenqing

The Chinese verb 申请 Shēnqǐng would be placed after the Subject Pronoun (I, he, she etc) like how you would say in English if you want to express it as Apply in Chinese.

Did you apply for the scholarship?

你有申请奖学金吗?
Nǐ yǒu shēn qǐng jiǎng xué jīn ma?


Do you need to apply a visa to go to China?

你需要申请签证去中国吗?
Nǐ xū yào shēn qǐng qiān zhèng qù zhōng guó ma?


I have already applied for this job.

我已经申请了这份工作。
Wǒ de hù zhào kuài guò qí le. Wǒ xū yào shēn qǐng yī běn xīn de.


Buying a house needs to apply for a loan from the bank.

买屋子需要向银行申请贷款。
Mǎi wū zi xū yào xiàng yín háng shēn qǐng dài kuǎn.


You can apply for a credit card online.

你可以在网上申请信用卡。
Nǐ kěyǐ zài wǎng shàng shēn qǐng xìn yòng kǎ.


How to apply for French citizenship?

如何申请法国公民身份?
Wǒ yǐ jīng shēn qǐng le zhè fèn gōng zuò.


My passport is going to expire soon. I need to apply for a new one.

我的护照快过期了。我需要申请一本新的。
Rú hé shēn qǐng fà guó gōng mín shēn fèn?


I wish to apply for a postgraduate degree in the United States. Please give me some opinions.

我想申请美国大学研究生。请给我一些意见。
Wǒ xiǎng shēn qǐng měi guó dà xué yán jiūs hēng. Qǐng gěi wǒ yī xiē yì jiàn.


My friend has not been going well in his life recently. I heard he also applied/filed for bankruptcy.

我的朋友最近过得不是很好。听说他还申请破产呢!
Wǒ de péng yǒu zuì jìn guò dé bù shì hěn hǎo. Tīng shuō tā hái shēn qǐng pò chǎn ne!



 

Application in Chinese as a Noun – 申请 Shenqing

Application in Chinese is also 申请 Shēnqǐng. We can place 申请 Shēnqǐng before or after a noun as shown in the introduction above. When there is a refusal or rejection, we can use the phrase 被拒绝 Bèi jùjué.  Bèi is a passive word which means “being” in Chinese. 拒绝 Jùjué is refused/rejected.

How to fill up the application form?

如何填写申请表格?
Rú hé tián xiě shēn qǐng biǎo gé?


How to write an Application Letter?

申请书怎么写?
Shēn qǐng shū zěn me xiě?


The application period has ended.

申请期已结束。
Shēn qǐng qí yǐ jié shù.


My job application went smoothly. I would be able to start work very soon.

我的工作申请很顺利。我很快就能开工了。
Wǒ de hù zhào kuài guò qí le. Wǒ xū yào shēn qǐng yī běn xīn de.


My scholarship application has been refused.

我的奖学金申请被拒绝了。
Wǒ de jiǎng xuéjīn shēn qǐng bèi jù jué le.


My application for Canadian visa has been rejected. What to do?

我的加拿大签证申请被拒绝了。怎么办?
Wǒ de jiā ná dà qiān zhèng shēn qǐng bèi jù jué le. Zěn me bàn?


Please submit your application within one week.

请在一个星期之内提出申请。
Qǐng zài yī gè xīng qí zhī nèi tí chū shēn qǐng.

 

There are more than 150 verbs which you can learn from the Chinese Verbs list to Make You Verbal.

 

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