- Chinese Pronouns: Verb to Be and Verb to Have
- 1. Singular Pronouns
- • I - 我 Wǒ
- • You - 您 Nín (Formal) 你 Nǐ
- • He, She, It - 他，她，它 Tā
- 2. Plural Pronouns
- • We - 我们 Wǒmen
- • Formal You - 您们 Nínmen
- • You - 你们 Nǐmen
- • They - 他们, 她们 Tāmen
- 3. Chinese Pronouns List
- 4. Plural for Other Terms
- 5. Chinese Pronouns Sentences with BE and HAVE
- • Gender - Man and Woman
- • With Verb to Be
- • With Verb to Have
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Singular Chinese Pronouns
• “I” in Chinese: 我 Wǒ Mandarin
• “You” in Chinese: 您 Nín (Formal) and 你 Nǐ Mandarin
• “He, She, It” in Chinese: 他，她，它 | Tā Mandarin
2. Plural Chinese Pronouns
• “We” in Chinese: 我们 Wǒmen
• Formal “You” in Mandarin: 您们 Nínmen
• Plural “You” in Chinese: 你们 Nǐmen
• “They” in Chinese: 他们，她们，它们 | Tāmen
3. Chinese Pronouns List
4. Plural for Other Terms
5. Chinese Pronouns Sentences with BE and HAVE
• Gender – Man and Woman
• With Verb to BE – 是 Shì
• With Verb to HAVE – 有 Yǒu
Chinese Pronouns: Verb to Be and Verb to Have in Mandarin
We learn the Chinese Pronouns in singular and plural forms together with the English verb to be and verb to have as an elemental start to learning the Chinese language. Once you know the fundamental “BE 是” and the “HAVE 有” words to use together with the Chinese Pronouns, you can start forming a few Chinese sentences about yourself and other people after this lesson.
The definition of personal pronouns are as follow: –
I, You, He, She, It, We, They, Me, Him, Her, Us and Them
Singular Chinese Pronouns
“I” in Chinese: 我 Wǒ Mandarin
The Chinese Pronouns must be the first few characters that you learn especially 我 Wǒ Chinese which means “I” in English. You will see later how we develop 我 Wǒ Chinese and other Chinese Personal Pronouns into Chinese Possessive Pronouns and Chinese Reflexive Pronouns which are English equivalent.
|“I” in Chinese||我||Wǒ|
|“I am” in Chinese||我是。。。||Wǒ shì…|
|“I have” in Chinese||我有。。。||Wǒ yǒu…|
You in Chinese: 您 Nín (Formal) and 你 Nǐ Mandarin
Similar to some European languages such as French and Dutch (but not English), the You in Chinese carries two different forms. One is a standard Chinese pronoun 你 Nǐ. The other 您 Nín is a more polite way of addressing someone who is older, more senior in authority or one whom you do not know.
|“You” in Chinese||你，您||Nǐ, Nín|
|“You are” in Chinese||你是。。。您是。。。||Nǐ shì… Nín shì…|
|“You have” in Chinese||你有。。。您有。。。||Nǐ yǒu… Nín yǒu…|
He, She, It in Chinese: 他，她，它 | Tā Mandarin
Next, comes the third-person singular in Chinese. One single Chinese Pinyin with the same tone, Tā, has 3 Chinese characters which are 他，她，它.
|“He” in Chinese||他 is a masculine singular pronoun for a man|
|“She” in Chinese||她 is a feminine singular pronoun for a woman|
|“It” in Chinese||它 is to describe an animal or another non-living thing|
Plural Chinese Pronouns
We in Chinese: 我们 Wǒmen Mandarin
The Chinese plural for all personal pronouns is rather easy to learn and recognise. Add the Chinese character 们 men to all the singular Chinese pronouns above to become plural. 我 Wǒ will thus become 我们 Wǒmen.
|“We” in Chinese||我们||Wǒmen|
|“We are” in Chinese||我们是。。。||Wǒmen shì…|
|“We have” in Chinese||我们有。。。||Wǒmen yǒu…|
Formal You in Mandarin: 您们 Nínmen
It is worth noting that the formal singular You in Mandarin 您 Nín does not carry a plural form
您们 Nínmen. If you want to express politeness referring to a few people at the same time, here are some alternatives.
|Two of you||您两位||Nín liǎng wèi|
|Three of you||您三位||Nín sān wèi|
|(Number) of you||您 + Chinese Numbers + 位||Nín x wèi|
|A few of you||您几位||Nín jǐ wèi|
|Ladies and Gentlemen||各位先生女士们||Gèwèi xiānshēng nǚshìmen|
Plural You in Chinese: 你们 Nǐmen
If you are a Chinese beginner, you may wish to avoid using the “You formal” plural term if it confuses you. Stick to the “traditional You” below.
|“You” in Chinese Plural||你们||Nǐmen|
|“You are” in Chinese Plural||你们是。。。||Nǐmen shì…|
|“You have” in Chinese Plural||你们有。。。||Nǐmen yǒu…|
They in Chinese: 他们，她们，它们 | Tāmen
Similarly, add a 们 Men behind the three Tā – 他，她，它. For a mixed-gender group, always use 他们 as the Chinese plural. 她们 is only for a group of females.
|“They” in Chinese||他们，她们，它们||Tāmen|
|“They are” in Chinese||他们是。。 她们是。。 它们是。。||Tāmen shì…|
|“They have” in Chinese||他们有。。 她们有。。 它们有。。||Tāmen yǒu…|
Chinese Pronouns List
The table is a summary of the Chinese Pronouns list.
|他们||Tāmen||They (Plural, Men, Mixed Genders)|
|她们||Tāmen||They (Plural, Women)|
|它们||Tāmen||They (Plural, Animals, Non-Living Things)|
Plural for Other Terms
The usage of the plural 们 Men is not only for Chinese Pronouns but also for other groups. The Chinese Pronouns list are a few examples and non-exhaustive.
Chinese Pronouns Sentences with BE and HAVE
Gender – Man and Woman in Chinese
Are you a male or a female?
Nǐ shì nán de hái shì nǚ de?
This question is weird (and perhaps rude) to ask someone that you can see, isn’t it? If you cannot see a person and want to know a person’s gender over an email or social media platform, this would be the question to ask.
Another instance is when someone is pregnant or just given birth, and you want to find out the baby’s gender. Therefore, you ask “Is it a boy or a girl? 是男的还是女的？Shì nán de háishì nǚ de?”
|Male, Female||男，女||Nán, Nǚ|
|Man, Woman||男人，女人||Nánrén, Nǚrén|
|Boy, Girl||男孩，女孩||Nánhái, Nǚhái|
|男孩子，女孩子||Nán háizi, Nǚ háizi|
|Male Students, Female Students||男生，女生||Nánshēng, Nǚshēng|
Chinese Pronouns + Verb to BE 是 Shì
(I am, He is, She is, It is, We are, You are, They are)
The English Verb to Be in Chinese is 是 Shì. The negation Chinese word is 不是 Bùshì.
I am a woman. You are a man.
Wǒ shì nǚ rén, nǐ shì nán rén.
He is a boy. She is a girl.
Tā shì nán hái (zi), tā shì nǚ hái (zi).
I am in China for a holiday. She is here to work.
Wǒ shì lái zhōng guó dù jià de. Tā shì lái zhè lǐ gōng zuò de.
We are Asians. You are Americans (Plural).
They are Europeans.
Wǒ men shì yà zhōu rén. Nǐ men shì měi guó rén. Tā men shì ōu zhōu rén.
They are here to look for me.
Tā men shì lái zhè lǐ zhǎo wǒ de.
It is a cute dog.
Tā shì yī zhǐ kě’ài de xiǎo gǒu.
Chinese Pronouns + Verb to HAVE 有 Yǒu
(I have, He has, She has, It has, We have, You have, They have)
The English Verb to Have in Chinese is 有 Yǒu. The negation Chinese word is 没有 Méiyǒu.
I have a job.
Wǒ yǒu gōng zuò.
You have many friends.
Nǐ yǒu hěn duō péng yǒu.
She has money to buy a house.
Tā yǒu qián mǎi fáng zi.
We have two children.
Wǒ men yǒu liǎng gè hái zi.
You have very good results (Plural).
Nǐ men yǒu hěn hǎo de chéng jī.
They have a few questions to ask you.
Tā men yǒu yī xiē wèn tí xiǎng wèn nǐ.
Next Lesson on Asking Questions with Chinese Pronouns + BE and HAVE
Learn to ask simple questions in Chinese with Affirmative Questions, Negative Questions and Affirmative-Negative Questions using the Chinese Pronouns with BE and HAVE in this lesson.